Chapter 14 Test

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invented the typewriter
Christopher Sholes
invented the telephone
Alexander Graham Bell
developed an efficient technique for transforming iron into steel
Henery Bessemer
perfected the incandescent lightbulb at his research laboratory in Menlo Park, New Jersey
Thomas Alva Edison
developed an entrie system for producing and distributing electrical power and organized power plants around the nation
Thomas Alva Edison
t/f
at Promontory Point, Utah, where the Central Pacific and Union Pacific railroads met on May 10, 1869, a golden spike marked the linking of the nation by the first -transcontinental- railroad
true
t/f
-J.P. Morgan- was an industrialist whose company produced standard railroad cars and elegant sleeping cars. his company town, which he hoped would ensure a stablr workforce, was criticized as “un-American”
George M. Pullman
t/f
the stockholders of the Union Pacific Railroad used -the Pullman Company- to make huge, unearned profits for themselves
Credit Mobilier
t/f
in Munn v. Illinois, the states won the right to regulate the -railroads-for the benefit of framers and other consumers
true
t/f
the Interstate Commerce Act reestablished the right of the -railroad companies- to supervise railroad activities and set up the Interstate Commerce Commission for that purpose
government
the main purpose of the company known as Credit Mobilier was to ______
steal railroad money for its shareholders
all of the following factors contributed to the immense industrial boom of the early 1900s EXCEPT:
(a) a wealth of natural resources
(b) government support for business
(c) a growing urban population
(d) the emergence of the middle class
the emergence of the middle class
Andrew Carnegie gained control of a large percentage of the steel industry by doing all of the following EXCEPT:
(a) buying out his suppliers
(b) cutting the quality of his products
(c) buying out his competitors
(d) underselling his competitors
cutting the quality of his products
the Sherman Antitrust Act _______
outlawed the formation of trusts that interfered with free trade
the Great Strike of 1877 took place in the _______
railroad industry
in the late 1800s, collective bargaining was a technique used to _______
win workers’ rights
the use of standardized time and time zones was introduced in order to benefit ______
railroad companies and train travelers
Social Darwinism was used to justify all of the following EXCEPT:
(a) the existence of poverty
(b) the success of big business
(c) the power of millionaire industrialists
(d) government regulation of business
government regulation of business
Vertical interation, a business strategy used by steel mogul Andrew Carnegie, involves _______
buying out raw material producers and distributors
the Interstate Commerce Act gave the right to supervise railroad activities to _______
the federal government
why was Pullman, Illnois, an unusaul town?
it was built by a company to house its workers
which of the following did Social Darwinism DISCOURAGE?
(a) hard work
(b) Industrialization
(c) government regulation
(d) the accumulation of wealth
government regulation
in which of the following did 146 female workers die in a fire?
(a) Haymarket Square
(b) the Pullman factory
(c) the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory
(d) Carnegie Steel’s Homestead Plant
the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory
why were scabs unpopular with with striking workers during the late 1800s?
they were workers used to break strikes
what made it possible to construct skyscrapers in the 1800s?
new methods of making steel
what did industrial consolidation and trusts reduce during the late 1800s?
competition
Who organized the Industrial Workers of the World?
radical unionists and socialists
which of the following resulted from the investigation of the Triangle Shirtwaist fire?
(a) the imprisonment of company officals
(b) the passage of the Sherman Antitrust Act
(c) the adoption of equal wages for men and women
(d) changes in local laws for women and children
changes in local laws for women and children
what was the goal of the Interstate Commerce Act?
to lower excessive railroad rates
Categories: History