Chapter 18 RC

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The aging American poet who most feared the impact of new industrial technologies on American life was
John Greenleaf Whittier
The most important advances in industrialization
came in the last third of the nineteenth century
How did the American government affect industrial growth?
It provided incentives for growth.
Which of the following was NOT a factor in American industrial development?
industrialization of the South
Industrial growth was concentrated in the
Northeast
In 1990, the population of the United States was approximately
76,000,000 people
The most significant technical innovation of the nineteenth century was
railroads
Which industry was considered the nation’s “first big business”?
railroads
The development of a national railway system
led to an integrated national economic system
Rapid rail construction after the Civil War was possible because
federal and state governments provided important activities
A major change in the railroad industry after the Civil War was the development of
major railroad trunk lines
The political cartoon shown above most likely protests the business activities of which of the following individuals?
Cornelius Vanderbilt, railroads
The two transcontinental railroad lines met at
Promontory, Utah
By 1894, American railroads
suffered from competition and overexpansion
The most important figure in American finance was
J. P. Morgan
For J. P. Morgan,
orderly consolidation brought stability to the economy
Which of the following individuals is INCORRECTLY associated with the industry he helped to found?
Henry Bessemer/railroads
After 1870, the measure of a nation’s industrial progress was determined by
the production of steel
In which type of organization does a company own all elements from raw materials to finished product?
vertical integration
Which of the following was NOT a characteristic of the industrial magnates of the late nineteenth century?
understanding of the rights of workers
Andrew Carnegie’s success could be attributed to the fact that he
understood how to organize steel industry management, and its financial structure, to his best advantage
This company became the first billion-dollar company.
U. S. Steel
The first modern trust was
Standard Oil
As a result of the proliferation of patents in the late nineteenth century,
American life radically changed
The individual most closely associated with innovations in photographic equipment was
George Eastman
The most important development in the communications system in nineteenth-century America was the
telephone
Which of the following were the most important inventions of the late nineteenth century?
telephone and electricity
The greatest inventor of late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century America was
Thomas Edison
Long-distance transmission of electricity was made possible by the use of alternating current, developed by
Nikola Tesla
Which of the following was NOT a consequence of the advent of advertising and large-scale retailing?
Most consumers felt threatened by the new industrial goods
Each of the following companies was a large scale retailer in the nineteenth century EXCEPT
Wal-Mart
Which of the following individuals was NOT an innovator in department store retailing in the late nineteenth century?
Cyrus Field
The development of brand names, chain stores, and mail order houses
provided convenience and standardization
Most working women
were young and single
In comparison to male workers, female workers
were regulated to traditional “feminine” jobs
The process of feminization took place in which of the following professions in the late nineteenth century?
teaching
Which of the following groups received the greatest rewards from industrialization?
white, native-born males
Most industrial workers found
their work environment fluid and unstable
The principals on which the Knights of Labor were founded included
ensuring all Americans received equal benefits from the system
The leader of the Knights of Labor was
Terence Powderly
The __________________ invited women and minorities to join.
Knights of Labor
Why did the Knights of Labor fail?
It could not provide effective national leadership
By the 1890s, the most important labor organization in the country was the
American Federation of Labor
Unlike the Knights of Labor, the American Federation of Labor
emphasized economic goals for workers
As the leader of the American Federation of Labor, he tried to achieve pragmatic goals for his workers
Samuel Gompers
For women workers, the American Federation of Labor
either ignored or opposed them as members
All of the following observations can be made from the information provided in the labor union handbill that appears in the above EXCEPT:
Agents of the Soviet Union infiltrated the meeting to cause violence that resulted in the arrest of several anarchist leaders, their trial for murder, and the execution of some of those leaders.
The principle of the “iron law of wages” stated that
supply and demand regulated wages
The great strike of 1877, in which more than a hundred people died, involved
railroad workers
In the 1905 decision of Lochner v. New York, the Supreme Court
struck down a state law limiting the number of hours workers work each week
The Haymarket Square riot
weakened the national labor movement
The Homestead Strike
emphasized the cost of industrialization
Categories: History