civil service reform

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civil service reform
The effort to establish a system for selecting government employees based on merit as indicated by competitive examinations. reduce reliance on the patronage or spoils system
iron triangle network
the interrelationship among bureaucracies, the government, interest groups, and the public, which also establishes a pattern of relationships among an agency in the executive branch, Congress, and one or more outside clients of that agency
myths of bureaucracy
4 myths of bureaucracy: 1. americans dislike it, 2. it keeps growing, 3. most workers are in dc, 4. they are ineffective
independent regulatory agencies
Federal regulatory agencies that are independent, thus not fully under the power of the president. Ex. Federal Trade Commission, Securities and Exchange Commission.
attempts at reform
The merit system tries to ensure that the best-qualified people get government jobs and that party politics is limited. In 1939, Congress passed the Hatch Act, which required employees, once they were hired, to have as little to do with political parties as possible
regulatory policies
government policies designed to control practices and behavior of citizens and organizations and prevent harmful results and/or ensure civic benefits of those behaviors
constraints on bureaucracy
clear view of purpose and methods leads to easier managements, government rules and laws, one part of agency must work with the other and agree to make process.
power of bureaucracy
The federal bureaucracy is considered part of the executive branch, and has powers that derive from that. there is no single power that it has: it is broken up into various departments, each of which has its own mission, with various powers allocated to each by policy, convention, or law.
spoils system vs merit based system
spoils system is the firing of public office holders of a defeated political party to replace them with loyalists of the newly elected party (form of patronage). merit system is based on qualifications, test scores, ability, rather than party loyalty established by the pendleton act
red tape
Complex bureaucratic rules and procedures that must be followed to get something done
independent agencies
agencies in the executive branch of the federal government formed by Congress to help enforce laws and regulations not covered by the executive departments
economic policies
Fiscal policy relates to government spending and revenue collection. For example, when demand is low in the economy, the government can step in and increase its spending to stimulate demand.
Monetary policy relates to the supply of money, which is controlled via factors such as interest rates and reserve requirements (CRR) for banks. For example, to control high inflation, policy-makers can raise interest rates thereby reducing money supply.
social welfare policy
Government program to enhance quality of life
military policy
a commiseration of food supply formed for the troops, troops lived on countryside, France fought Holland for 6 years ended well for France, German Empire was weak so Louis seized territories there
foreign policy
A nation’s overall plan for dealing with other nations
Categories: History