History test number 2

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what contribution did Henry Bessemer make to the steel industry?
He developed a way to make steel quickly and cheaply.
New technologies in the steel industry in the late 1800s led to increased productivity in the?
railroad industry.
What was the main effect of the expansion of railroads across the United States?
Rapid growth of cities.
Thomas Edison described himself as a?
professional inventor.
Thomas Edison invented the?
light bulb.
Which of the following statements about Thomas Edison is true?
Edison built systems that mainly powered centralized cities.
Who invented the telephone?
Alexander Graham bell.
The first lightweight airplane invented by Wilbur and Orville Wright was powered by?
The invention of the airplane led to increased demand for which natural resource?
How did the telegraph differ from the telephone?
The telegraph could carry only coded messages.
what effect did the moving assembly line introduced by henry ford have on the automobile industry?
It decreased the cost of production.
Which of the following is true about stockholders?
They can sell their stock shares at any time.
Andrew Carnegie managed to keep production costs for his steel mills low by?
owning the businesses involved in each step of the manufacturing of steel.
Leland Standford believed that industries should?
be owned and managed cooperatively by the workers.
of which of these practices would entrepreneur john D. Rockfeller have approved?
purchasing all of the businesses in a single field to control production.
Vertical and horizontal integration were strategies designed to?
eliminate competition and control every step of the production process.
social Darwinism is the idea that?
only the fittest individuals succeed in society.
which of the following is an example of vertical integration in the movie business?
acquiring the studios, theaters and TV stations involved in making and distributing movies.
The Sherman antitrust act was a law passed by the congress in 1890 that?
prevented any corporation from creating a monopoly.
how did the Sherman antitrust act effect big business in America?
the act was difficult to enforce, so big businesses continued to grow in America.
monopolies were criticized as unfair because they?
raise the prices and reduce the quality of specific products.
how did the labor force change during the second industrial revolution?
skilled craftspeople were replaced with unskilled machine operators.
the decline in working conditons in America industries in the late 1800s occurred because of the?
emphasis on high profits and efficiency.
who encouraged managers to view workers as interchangeable parts and why?
Fredrick w. taylor to increase efficiency and worker productivity in factories.
which of the following was an effect of factory specialization in the late 1800s?
workers repeated the same step over and over again becoming tired bored and more likely to be injured.
why did labor unions form?
workers needed to increase their bargaining power.
what does mary harris jones symbolize?
the active role women played in unions.
for which of these improvements did the knights of labor movement fight?
an eight hour workday.
how was the knights of labor organization different from the American federation of labor?
the knights of labor accepted skilled and unskilled workers.
how did Terence V. powderly change the knights of labor in 1879?
he ended the secrecy of the union.
what was Samuel gompers role in the labor movement?
he was the president of the American federation movement.
collective bargaining is the?
idea that laborers acting together as a group could improve working conditions.
the government responded to the homestead and Pullman strikes in the late 1800s by?
sending in federal troops to break up the strikes.
which event led to the weakening of the knights of labor?
the haymarket riot.
the homestead strike was a protest?
against the Carnegie steel company to force the company not to cut jobs.
what were union members fighting for at the strike that led tot he haymarket riot?
an eight hour workday.
Andrew canegie dealt with the striking union workers at his Pennsylvania steel factory in 1892 by?
locking workers out of the factory and hiring strike breakers.
john D. rockfellers control of about 90 percent of the oil refining business?
horizontal integration.
owned a businesses involved in each step of the manufacturing process of his industry?
Andrew Carnegie.
led the American federation of labor?
Samuel gompers.
fought for the fights of skilled and unskilled workers?
knights of labor.
made manufacturing more efficient with the moving assembly line?
henry ford.
inventor of the light bulb?
Thomas Edison.
made it illegal to create monopolies?
Sherman antitrust act.
made steel production quicker and cheaper which created a booming industry?
Bessemer process.
idea that those who were fittest would be successful?
social Darwinism.
encouraged managers to view workers as interchangeable parts of the production process?
Frederick w. taylor.
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