Exam – medieval history (unit 1)

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middle ages
medieval: around for 1000 years. from 476 b.c-1492 b.c
dark ages
after fall of rome, 600 years. barbian came to take. decline of civilization
charlemagne
charles the great, holy roman emperor, forced christianity and edcation.
feudalism
a way of life, land for protection
serf
peasants: made of 95% of the land.
fief
land given to a Lord
chivarly
code of conduct started by knights, rules of war, how to protect a women
vassal
someone who recieves land to give
manor
; village, self sofficient, farming
roman catholic church
Christian only church in western eurpore, power & wealth
monastery
monks live and learned in here, isolated themselves from society
excommunication
being kicked out the church
cardinals
chief advisors to the pope
tithe
giving 10% to the church
guild
merchants and artisians forming associations
apprentice
trainee to a guild master
journeyman
salaried worker
manor
A large estate, often including farms and a village, ruled by a lord.
papacy
The central administration of the Roman Catholic Church, of which the pope is the head.
archdioceses
group of christians regions, managed by archbishop
inquisition
punitive investigation
master craftsman
A craftsman who is highly skilled and thoroughly experienced.
Categories: Medieval