Medieval History Test 1: Multiple Choice (ROME)

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Rome government was established in…
c. 500
Roman government located on…
the Tiber River in central Italy
Romans began their own form of democracy…
a REPUBLIC
a republic is…
a form of government in which the leaders and representatives are elected by citizens
Hierarchy/structure of the Roman government…
2 CONSULS, a SENATE, and an ASSEMBLY
Who could vote but not hold public office?
PLEBIANS (common people)
Who made decisions for the public good in the Senate and Assembly?
PATRICIANS (aristocrats)
The division of people into Plebians and Patricians implies…
a class structure, privileges, and the advantages/disadvantages of your status
By… Roman law was codified in the…
450 BCE; Twelve Tables
…formed the foundation and basis of Roman laws
The Twelve Tables
Roman republic came to an end in…
c. 27 BCE because of Roman dictators
Roman Empire was ruled by…
Augustus Caesar
First 200 years of the empire known as…
the Pax Romana (Peace of Rome)
Roman Empire extended from…
Britain through Europe, Middle East, and North Africa
Roman Empire was held together because of…
– The structure and administration of government (emperor controlled finances, appointed officials, etc.)

– Clearly made laws applicable to all people existed

– Education was greatly supported

– There was an official language (Greek or Latin)

– Road systems helped with communication

– Constantine’s acceptance of Christianity

The rise of Christianity occurred in…
c. 60 AD
A great fire in Rome in… was blamed on…
c. 64 AD; Christians (who were persecuted even more)
Constantine accepted Christianity in…
c. 300 AD
Bishop of Rome =
the Pope
First Bishop of Rome =
Saint Peter
Constantine established a new capital:… in…
Byzantium; 330 AD
Byzantium was later renamed…
Constantinople
Constantinople was renamed by the… to the name… in…
Ottoman Turks; Istanbul; 1493
Romans left us a basis of… starting with the… in…
legal codes; Twelve Tables; 451 BCE
Roman Empire existed from
c. 27 BCE – 476 AD
Hallmarks of Roman success =
organizational systems, infrastructure, administration, efficiency
In… the emperor… established the Codex Constitutionum
529 AD; Justinian
The Romans were great…
road builders
Romans developed the… in…
arch; architecture
Empire disintegrated because of…
– LARGE SIZE

– Political divisions

– Lack of unity, which weakened Rome’s military

– Unjust taxation/official corruption

– Roman laws no longer obeyed by all/enforced

– Christianity diverted citizen allegiance

Rome founded by… along…
Romulus and Remus; Tiber River
Romans established empire in Italian Peninsula in… led by…
50 BCE; Julius Caesar
Caesar was murdered by 30 senators in…
44 BCE
Following Caesar’s death a… began
civil war (between Caesar and the senators’ supporters)
Caesar’s adopted son (Augustus Caesar) was declared emperor in…
27 BCE
Pax Romana existed between
27 BCE – 189 CE
By 189 CE (end of Pax Romana)…
Emperors became more and more horrible, and Rome began to fall apart
Two periods during the Roman rule:
– Republic

– Empire

Roman republic lasted from… to…
c. 500 BCE; 44 BCE
Julius Caesar’s death referred to as…
Ides (middle – 15th) of March
Roman Empire =
Rome’s Golden Age
Around 285 BCE =
Diocletian
Diocletian’s contribution?
Because of its large size, Diocletian split Rome into the Western Roman Empire (Rome) and the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire)
During the Pax Romana, Rome had…
– a professional government (2 Consuls)

– a professional military (with professionally trained soldiers)

– an organized economy (STANDARDIZATION, roads, postal service)

– solid infrastructure (aqueducts that brought clean water, public buildings, etc.)

Barbarians and Goths invaded the WRE in…
476 AD
ERE lasted until roughly…
1493
Around the… the emperor… built the Hagia Sofia Church
500’s; Justinian
Largest barrier in the western world is…
Hadrian’s Wall
Categories: Medieval