World History Ch. 13 European Middle Ages Vocabulary

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Middle Ages
The era in European History that followed the fall of the Roman Empire, lasting from about 500-1500; also called the medieval period
A Germanic people who settled in the Roman province of Gaul (roughly the area now occupied by France) and established a great empire during the Middle Ages
A religious community of men (called monks) who have given up their possessions to devote themselves to a life of prayer and worship
Concerned with worldly rather than spiritual matters
Carolingian Dynasty
A dynasty of Frankish rulers, lasting A.D. 751-987
Ruler of the Franks after Pepin the Short
In feudal Europe, a person who controlled land and therefore could grant estates to vassals
An estate granted to a vassal by a lord under the feudal system in medieval Europe
In medieval Europe, an armored warrior who fought on horseback
A medieval peasant legally bound to live on a lord’s estate
A lord’s estate in feudal Europe
A code of behavior for knights in medieval Europe, stressing ideals such as courage, loyalty, and devotion
A mock battle between a group of knights
A medieval poet and musician who traveled from place to place, entertaining people with songs of courtly love
A body of officials who perform religious services- such as priest, ministers, or rabbis
One of the Christian ceremonies in which God’s grace is transmitted to people
Canon Laws
The body of laws governing the religious practices of a Christian church
Holy Roman Empire
An empire established in Europe in the 10th century A.D., originally consisting mainly of lands in what is now Germany and Italy
Lay Investiture
The appointment of religious officals by kings or nobles
Categories: Medieval