1908; Republican; continued and expanded upon Theodore Roosevelts policy of trustbusting (he even filed suit against the largest, US Steel), foreign policy characterized by “Dollar Diplomacy,” proposed the 16th amendment creating a federal income tax (ratified in 1913 as he was leaving office)
1887-1901 responsible for Spanish-American War, Philippine-American War, and the Annexation of Hawaii, imperialism. Is assassinated by an anarchist
William Jennings Bryan
The Democratic nominee for the 1896 election against McKinley
Roosevelt corollary, US can intervene if an unstable gov. might form
Secretary of State under McKinley and Roosevelt who pioneered the open-door policy and Panama canal
French engineer who advocated an American canal through Panama and helped instigate a Panamanian rebellion against Colombia.
William C Gorgas
an American expert on tropical disease, nearly wiped out yellow fever and malaria in Panama
Commissioned by McKinley to solve the problem of how gov’t in the Philippines should be handled
Open Door Policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the “foreign devils”. The rebellion was ended by British troops.
The Roosevelt Corollary
Gave the united states permission to be an international police power in the western hemisphere, which they used to justify intervention in Latin America.
Big Stick Diplomacy
Diplomatic policy developed by T.R where the “big stick” symbolizes his power and readiness to use military force if necessary. It is a way of intimidating countries without actually harming them and was the basis of U.S. imperialistic foreign policy.
Bad neighbor policy
L. America irritated at US’ imposing sphere of influence in the Caribbean Sea
The Panama Canal
Buit to make passage between Atlantic and Pacific oceans easier and faster because there were many Navy ships that needed to get from Gulf of Mexico out to the Pacific to help protect American islands in case of invasion; built by Roosevelt
1850 – Treaty between U.S. and Great Britain agreeing that neither country would try to obtain exclusive rights to a canal across the Isthmus of Panama. Abrogated by the U.S. in 1881.
Portsmouth Peace Conference
(1905) ended the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905). It was signed in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, after negotiations brokered by Theodore Roosevelt (for which he won the Nobel Peace Prize). Japan had dominated the war and received an indemnity, the Liaodong Peninsula in Manchuria, and half of Sakhalin Island, but the treaty was widely condemned in Japan because the public had expected more.
an informal agreement between the United States and the Empire of Japan whereby the U.S. would not impose restriction on Japanese immigration or students, and Japan would not allow further immigration to the U.S.
The Great White Fleet
a group of US warships which took a world tour from 1907-1909 to show the world that the US was an emerging power
Root Takahira Agreement
1908 – Japan / U.S. agreement in which both nations agreed to respect each other’s territories in the Pacific and to uphold the Open Door policy in China.