US history Chapter 6 Test Review

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which of the following made possible the american industrial growth of the late 1800s
technological advances
the governmany contributed to the building of the transcontinetal railroad by
giving away free land grants
which of the following revolutionized american communications in the late 1800s
telephones/ telegraphs
critics of powerful industrialists reffered to them as
robber barrons
the goal of the sherman antitrust act was to
promote fair competition
according to the theory if social darwinism, the government should
stay out of affairs of business
economists call periods of boom and bust
business cycle
how did industrial growth affect the distribution of wealth in the US
wealth was concentrated in the hands of a few
the american federation of labor organized
craft unions (only skilled workers)
the government responded to the Pullman Strike by
using Federal troops to stop it
the expansion of american industry was sparked mainly by
technological advances
one of Thomas Edison’s major accomplishments was
making electricity more widely accessible
John D. Rockefeller gained control over mich of the oil industry by
forming a trust and creating standard oil
during the late 1800s, children often worked in factories because
families needed more income
the nations first major labor strike was started by
railway workers angered by wage cuts
some employers forced workers to sign “yellow dog contracts” stating that
they promised to never join a union or participate in a strike
the ability to communicate with a moving train improved railroads by
preventing accidents
in 1885, alexander graham bell helped set up a company to build
long distance telephone lines
thomas edison and george westinghouse both worked wonders with
electricity
without the Bessemer process, americans might not have been able to create
the brooklyn bridge
why were industrialists during the age if big business called “captians of industry”?
increased supply of goods & created more jobs
how did andrew carnegie gain control of the steel industry
vertical consilidation
according to the theory of social darwinism, what was the rold of government in economic matters
government shouldnt interfere with business
unlike the kings of labor, the american federation of labor included in its membership
only skilled workers
employers used all of the following in their attempts to crush labor strikes except
collective bargining
the strike at the Carnegie plan kn Homestead eventually ended after Henry Frick
was almost assinated by anarchists
as a result of the Pullman Strike, for the next 30 years the government
denied recogination to unions
inventor who established the American Telephone and Telegraph company
alexander graham bell
inventor who developed the idea of a central electric power station
Thomas A. Edison
inventor who developed a new way to make steel
Henry Bessemer
industrialist who preached the “gospel of wealth”
Andrew Carnegie
industrialist who established standard oil
John D Rockefeller
workers called in to replace striking workers
scabs
political radicals who oppose all government
anarchists
inventor who patented the telegraph
samuel morse
Categories: History