American Literature 1865-1900
The Continental Nation (1865-1900):
The ideas of Charles Darwin and Herbert Spencer undermined the supernaturalistic basis of American morality.
Tom Sawyer, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Roughing It, Life on the Mississippi, The Man Corrupted Handleyburg.
Wrote 1,775 poems, nearly a poem a day for the first two or three years of her career. Only 7 were published during her lifetime.
American Literacy Realism:
Set its story in the here-and-now and among persons of average social position, accurately reproducing their speech and manners in actions which are true to human behavior.
William Dean Howells:
The Rise of Silas Lapham and Editha.
Henry James: Novels:
The American, A Portrait of a Lady. Short Stories: Daisy Miller, The Turn of the Screw, Jolly Corner, The Beast in the Jungle, The Real Thing.
American Literacy Naturalism:
Conscious of its philosophical foundations, drawing upon science and especially upon Darwinism for its view of humanity, and upon the immediately antecedent work in Europe of Emile Zola.
Frank Norris: Novels:
McTeague and The Octopus. Stories: A Deal in Wheat, Vandover and the Brute.
Stephen Crane: Novels:
Maggie, A Girl of the Streets, The Red Badge of Courage, The Open Boat, The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky, and Blue Hotel.
Jack London: Novels:
Call of the Wild, White Fang, The Sea Wolf.
Native American Writers:
Language was magical, used in songs, spells, and charms to control their world.