A Beka Book "English Literature: Classics for Christians" Final

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Poetry
The first literature of the Anglo-Saxons
Kenning
Strong metaphorical expression
Beowulf
Oldest surviving epic of Germanic people
Caedmon
First Anglo-Saxon poet whose name we know
The Venerable Bede
Wrote “Ecclesiastical History of the English People”; founder of English history
Sir Thomas Malory
Most notable writer of fifteenth century; wrote “Morte Darthur”
Pearl Poet
Wrote “Sir Gawain and the Green Knight”
mystery plays
plays on biblical subjects
miracle plays
plays dealing with legends of saints
morality play
in these are represented allegorically the battle which the vices and virtues wage for the possession of the human soul
“Everyman”
subject is the hour of death
Geoffrey Chaucer
wrote “The Canterbury Tales”
exemplum
short tale or anecdote told to teach a lesson
drama
literary genre that reached zenith during Elizabethan period
Edmund Spenser
created romantic allegory in “The Faerie Queen”
Sir Philip Sydney
Wrote first piece of literary criticism
SirFrancis Bacon
father of the essay
Sir Thomas More
wrote “Utopia”
Thomas Cranmer
wrote “The Book of Common Prayer”
John Foxe
wrote “The Book of Martyrs”
rhyme
correspondence of sounds
rhythm
regular recurrence of sounds
meter
measured rhythm of a poem
iamb
unaccented accented
trochee
accented unaccented
anapest
2 unaccented 1 accented
dactyl
1 accented 2 unaccented
spondee
2 accented
blank verse
un rhymed iambic pentameter
Christopher Marlowe
wrote “Doctor Faustus” and “The Passionate Shepherd to His Love”
Sir Walter Raleigh
wrote “The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd” and “On the Life of Man”
Ben Jonson
England’s first poet laureate; wrote “A Hymn to God the Father”
William Shakespeare
greatest writer of all time
Sonnet 18
“Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate”
“Paradise Lost”
England’s greatest epic
John Milton
greatest English poet; most outstanding poet of 17th century; wrote “Paradise Lost”
“Pilgrim’s Progress”
England’s greatest allegory
John Bunyan
greatest prose writer of The Age of the Puritans; wrote “Pilgrim’s Progress”
Robert Herrick
wrote “The Author’s Resolution in a Sonnet” and “To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time”; carpe diem
Sir John Suckling
wrote “The Constant Lover”
Edmund Waller
wrote “Go, Lovely Rose!”; created couplet
Richard Lovelace
wrote “To Althea, from Prison” and “To Lucasta, Going to the Wars”
John Donne
wrote “Meditation XVII”; first and greatest of Metaphysical poets
George Herbert
wrote “The Pulley” and “The Collar”; known for saintly life
Age of Pope
first half of 18th century known as
Age of Johnson
second half of 18th century known as
Journalism and Novel
2 greatest literary contributions of 18th century
Thomas Gray
wrote “Elegy Written in a Country Courtyard”; led way from Classicism to Romanticism
“Elegy Written in a Country Courtyard”
“Full many a gem of purest ray serene The dark unfathomed caves of ocean bear; Full many a flower is born to blush unseen, And waste its sweetness on the desert air.”
Robert Burns
wrote “Afton Water”; Scotland’s greatest poet
“The Cotter’s Saturday Night”
depicts an evening in the life of a godly Scottish family; “‘An’ honest man’s the noblest work of God'”
Romantic poets
used common people as subjects
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
wrote “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner” and “Kubla Kan”; greatest mind of the Romantic Movement
Lake Poets
Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Southey
William Wordsworth
Greatest English poet since Milton; initiated Romantic Movement in England
George Gordon, Lord Byron
wrote “Child Harold’s Pilgrimage”; created “Byronic hero”
John Keats
only major Romantic poet of humble birth; wrote “On First Looking into Chapman’s Homer” and “Ode on a Grecian Urn”
Sir Walter Scott
wrote “My Native Land”
Jane Austen
wrote “Pride and Prejudice”
Victorian Era
age of prose; greatest poets were Tennyson, Browning, and Arnold
Alfred, Lord Tennyson
Voice of Victorian England; wrote “Break, Break, Break”, “Ulysses”, “Enoch Arden”, and “Idylls of the King”
Elizabeth Barrett Browning
wrote “Sonnets of the Portuguese”
Oscar Wilde
wrote “The Importance of Being Earnest” and “The Nightingale and the Rose”
Thomas Hardy
Wrote “Tony Kytes, the Arch-deceiver”
William Butler Yeats
one of the greatest 20th century poets of the English language
T. S. Eliot
wrote “Journey of the Magi”; the most traditional yet modern, influential yet influenced, poet of his time
Joseph Conrad
wrote “The Lagoon”; master of English prose
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
wrote “His Last Bow”
Winston Churchill
wrote “Blood, Toil, Tears, and Sweat”; one of the greatest statesmen in the history of the world
C. S. Lewis
wrote “The Screwtape Letters”; Apostle to the Skeptics
Categories: English Literature