Abeka English Literature Unit 5

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Puritans
The seventeenth century was the age of the _____.
Anthony van Dyke
influential seventeenth century painter in England who painted portraits of English noblemen, including *Charles I*
Puritans
religious group that believed that Christians should live a pure and holy life and that Roman Catholicism should be purged from the church
Anglican, Roman Catholic
The Puritans thought that the leaders of the _____ church had not gone far enough in their reformation, and that the church should be further purified of ____ _____ influences.
*Paradise Lost*
England’s greatest epic
John Milton
the greatest poet of the Puritan Age and the second greatest writer in English literature who wrote *Paradise Lost* after becoming blind
*Pilgrim’s Progress*
England’s greatest allegory
John Bunyan
the greatest prose writer of the Puritan Age who wrote *Pilgrim’s Progress*
Cavalier poets and Metaphysical poets
two groups of poets besides the Puritans during the Puritan Age
Ben Johnson
the poet whom the Cavalier poets greatly admired
Cavalier poets
the lyricists of a lighter vein who emphasized the pleasures of this world and wrote love songs to or about women during the Puritan Age
Metaphysical poets
the poets of the Puritan Age who were interested in the things of the mind, the soul, and eternity; and expressed devotional thoughts and emphasized the complexities and contradictions of life in their poetry
conceits
term for unusual comparisons in literature
prose
The ___ of the Puritan Age dealt with a variety of subjects, particularly argument and controversy in government, philosophical, and religious subjects, history, and biography and love of nature.
drama
There was a significant decline in ____ after Shakespeare and Johnson.
Richard Lovelace and Sir John Suckling
the two Cavalier poets who were courtiers
Robert Herrick
the Cavalier poet and clergyman who showed the most variety in his writing and used the “carpe diem” (seize the day) theme in his light love poems and religious poems
George Wither and Edmund Waller
two Cavalier poets who later became Puritans
“The Author’s Resolution in a Sonnet”
poem that contains the lines
“For if she be not for me
What care I for whom she be?”
“To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time”
poem that contains the lines
“Gather ye rosebuds while ye may,
Old Time is still a-flying:”
Inigo Jones
the leading English architect of the early seventeenth century who brought the Italian Renaissance style to England and created a stylistic revolution
Richard Lovelace
dashing Cavalier poet and enthusiastic Royalist supporter who wrote “To Lucasta, Going to the Wars” and “To Althea, from Prison”
“To Lucasta, Going to the Wars”
poem that contains the lines
“I could not love thee (deare) so much,
Lov’d I not honour more.”
“To Althea, from Prison”
poem that contains the lines
“Stone walls do not a prison make,
Nor iron bars a cage;”
couplet
term for a complete thought expressed in two rhyming lines
“Go, Lovely Rose!”
poem that contains the lines
“How small a part of time they share
That are so wondrous sweet and fair!”
Edmund Waller
one of the most popular lyric poets of his time whose great contribution to literature was his use of the couplet
“The Bait”
poem written by John Donne as a response to Marlowe’s “the Passionate Shepherd to His Love”
John Donne
the first and greatest of the Metaphysical poets and one of the most influential preachers in England who wrote secular love poems and devotional poems
metaphysical conceits
The Metaphysical poets were fond of using strikingly original and intellectual comparisons known as _______ _____ in expressing themes of love, death, and religious devotion.
John Donne, George Herbert, Henry Vaughan, and Thomas Traherne
four of the best-known Metaphysical poets
“The Anniversary”
the poem in which the author compares himself and his love to kings
a year
length of time for which the lovers have known each other in “The Anniversary”
George Herbert
one of the most important of the Metaphysical poets who was known for his saintly life and intense devotion to God
“Discipline”
poem in which George Herbert asks God be merciful to him
“The Collar”
poem in which the discouraged speaker wants to flee to Europe, but finally submits to the Lord’s will
“Peace”
poem that contains the lines
“My Soul, there is a country
Far beyond the stars,
Where stands a winged sentry
All skilfull in the wars”
Henry Vaughan
Welsh physician and Metaphysical poet who admired and imitated George Herbert, and wrote “Peace” and “Friends Departed”
Thomas Traherne
Welsh Metaphysical poet and Anglican clergyman who wrote “Wonder”
Rembrandt
artist who created *The Adoration of the Shepherds*
Richard Crashaw
poet who was influenced by George Herbert and wrote “An Epitaph” and a book of devotional poetry called *Steps to the Temple*
“Now”
poem that emphasizes a person’s urgent need for salvation
“Lycidas”
England’s greatest pastoral elegy (written by John Milton)
May
the month of the year that John Milton wrote about
Twenty-Three
John Milton wrote a poem entitled “On His Having Arrived at the Age of _______.”
Time
the “subtle thief of youth,” according to Milton
Waldensians, Catholics
“On the Late Massacre in Piedmont,” by John Milton, describes the atrocities that occurred to the ______ after they refused to become ______.
the pope
the “triple Tyrant,” according to Milton
reason, God
According to Milton, “he who destroys a good book kills ____ itself, (and) kills the image of ___.”
justify, God
*Paradise Lost* was John Milton’s grand attempt to “_____ the ways of ___ to men.”
Andrew Marvell
poet who served as John Milton’s assistant and wrote “On Paradise Lost,” as well as satiric poetry
Categories: English Literature