9th Grade Poetry Terms

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Alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
Figurative language
A form of language use in which writers and speakers convey something other than the literal meaning of their words.
Simile
A comparison using “like” or “as”
Metaphor
A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.
Personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
Hyperbole
A figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
Imagery
Language that appeals to the senses
Sound devices
elements such as rhyme, rhythm, alliteration, and onomatopoeia – gives poetry a musical quality
Rhyme
Repetition of sounds at the end of words.
End rhyme
Rhyme that occurs at the end of two or more lines of poetry
Rhyme scheme
A regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem
Assonance
Repetition of a vowel sound within two or more words in close proximity
Consonance
Repetition of a consonant sound within two or more words in close proximity.
Onomatopoeia
A word that imitates the sound it represents
Slant rhyme
A rhyming sound that is not exact.
Rhythm
Pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
Line
A group of words together on one line of the poem.
Stanza
A group of lines in a poem.
Couplet
A pair of rhymed lines that may or may not constitute a separate stanza in a poem.
Quatrain
4 line stanza
Refrain
A line or set of lines repeated several times over the course of a poem.
Free Verse
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
Narrative poetry
A poem that tells a story
Tone
A writer’s attitude toward his or her subject matter revealed through diction, figurative language, and organization on the sentence and global levels.
Mood
How the reader feels about the text while reading.
Symbolism
A device in literature where an object represents an idea.
repetition
Repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis
Categories: Poetry