Advanced Poetry Techniques

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Alliterative (Alliteration)
Containing repetition of a begging sound in words
Anapestic Meter
Three syllables with the first unstressed, the second unstressed, and the third stressed
Assonance
The repetition of a vowel sound in words
Ballad
A simple narrative poem written in short stanzas
Blank Verse
Poetry that does NOT use end rhyme that is written in iambic pentameter
Cinquain
A five line poem containing 22 syllables with a pattern of two, four, six, eight, and two syllables
Concrete Poem
A poem where the words are arranged to form a shape that relates to its topic
Cononance
The repetition of consonant sounds in words
Couplet
A two line stanza
Dactylic Meter
Three syllables with the first stressed, the second unstressed, and the thrird unstressed
Dissonance
Harsh sounds blended together
Elegy
A sad poem about someone’s death
End Rhyme
Rhyme that occurs at the end of each line of poetry
End Stops
Pause at the ends of lines of poetry marked by a comma or a period
Enjambment/Run-on
When lines of poetry run from one to another without pauses
Extended Metaphor
A metaphor that goes on for several or many lines comparing one object to another using “like” or “as”
Free Verse
Lines of poetry or song that do not follow a strict pattern
Haiku
Japanese poem written in three lines consisting or five, seven, and five syllables
Iambic Meter
Two syllables with the first unstressed and the second stressed
Iambic Pentameter
A common meter in poetry of five feet where each foot contains an unstressed syllable and a stressed syllable
Implied Metaphor
A metaphor where the comparison of the two objects is only hinted at but not stated clearly; reader must infer
Internal Rhyme
Rhyme that occurs within the line of poetry ( not at the end)
Limerick
A five-line poem with one couplet and one triplet (tercel) ; has a strict rhyme scheme
Litotes
Understatement (opposite of hyperbole)
Lyric Poem
A short poem usually written in first-person point of view that expresses an emotion or idea of a single speaker; does not tell a story (hot narrative)
Meter
A pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry; the poem’s basic rhythmic structure
Metric Foot
A unit of meter that can have two or three syllables
Monologue
A speech presented by a single character, most often to express thought aloud, though sometimes also to speak to speak to another character or the audience directly
Narrative Poem
A poem the tells a story and has a plot
Near rhyme/ slant rhyme/ imperfect rhyme/ half rhyme/ eye rhyme
Rhyme that is not exact (rose, lose)
Octave
An eight-line stanza
Ode
A classic Greek poem meant to be sung (like a lyric poem) that has three main parts meant to pay tribute to a person or object
Parody
A humorous imitation of a famous piece of literature or event (satire)
Perfect/exact/true rhyme
Rhyme that has the exact same ending sound (true, blue)
Quatrain
A four- line stanza
Quintet
A five- line stanza
Refrain
A sound, word, phrase, or line repeated regularly in a poem
Septet
A seven-line stanza
Sestet/sextet
A six-line stanza
Shakespearean/English Sonnet
A fourteen-line poem that consists of three quatrains and ends with a couplet
Soliloquy
Poetry expressing the speech of someone who is alone or thinks he is alone
Sonnet
A fourteen-line poem written in iambic pentameter with a complex rhyme scheme
Stream of Consciousness
A genre that reveals a character’s thoughts and feelings as they develop through a long soliloquy
Tercet/triplet
A three line stanza
Trochaic Meter
In poetry, two syllables with the first syllable stressed and the second syllable unstressed
Categories: Poetry