Grade 12 Poetry Terms

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the narrator of a poem
a group of lines arranged together
a stanza consisting of two successive lines of verse
a pattern recurring at regular intervals, can be created by meter, rhyme, alliteration and refrain,
a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
free verse
no repeating patterns of syllables, no rhyme, conversational, modern
end rhyme
a word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line
internal rhyme
a word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line
approximate rhyme
rhyme in which the final sounds of words are similar but not identical. Also known as slant rhyme, imperfect rhyme, close rhyme, near rhyme,
rhyme scheme
a pattern of rhyme (usually end rhyme, but not always); this pattern is shown with letters
words that imitate the sound they name
consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of words
a type of alliteration in which the repeated consonant sounds are anywhere in the words
the repetition of vowel sounds
a sound, word, phrase or line repeated regularly in a poem
a comparison of two things using as or like
a direct comparison of two unlike things
extended metaphor
a metaphor that goes several lines or possibly the entire length of the work
implied metaphor
a comparison is hinted at but not clearly stated
exaggeration often used for emphasis
a figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
a person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself also represents something else
a reference in a literary work to something famous, e.g. biblical, literary, historical
language that appeals to the senses
lyric poem
a short poem in first person point of view that expresses emotion
Shakespearean Sonnet
The sonnet form composed of three quatrains and a final couplet written in iambic pentameter with the rhyme scheme abab cdcd efef gg
two feet, of poetry, the first being unstressed, the second stressed
a figure of speech consisting of two apparently contradictory terms
a type of poem that is meant to be sung and is both lyric and narrative in nature
a form of poetry that tells a story of a situation or event in anyone’s life
a stanza of four lines
a technique by which a writer addresses an inanimate object, an idea, or a person who is either dead or absent.
blank verse
unrhymed poetry that has a regular rhythm and line length, especially iambic pentameter
a pause or break within a line of poetry
word choice
a long narrative poem telling of a hero’s deeds
the continuation of meaning, without pause or break, from one line of poetry to the next
a group of 2 or 3 syllables forming the basic unit of poetic rhythm
iambic pentameter
a common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
a mild, indirect, or vague term substituting for a harsh, blunt, or offensive term
Italian sonnet
a sonnet consisting of an octave with the rhyme pattern abbaabba, followed by a sestet with the rhyme pattern cdecde or cdcdcd. Also called a Petrachan sonnet.
dramatic poetry
poetry in which one or more characters speak
emphasis on a syllable. Also known as accent.
slack syllable
an unstressed syllable
eye rhyme
rhyme that appears correct from spelling but does not rhyme because of pronunciation
repetition of a word, sound, phrase or idea
end-stopped line
end of phrase or sentence coincides with end of line (poetry)
Categories: Poetry