Introduction to Poetry Vocabulary
One of the three types of literature in which special intensity is given to the expression of feelings and ideas by the use of distinctive style and rhythm.
A highly musical verse that expresses the thoughts, observations, and feelings of a single speaker.
A type of poem that tells a story.
Poetry that utilizes the techniques of drama.
The imaginary voice assumed by the writer of a poem.
A sequence of words printed as a separate entity on the page. In poetry, they are usually measured by the number of feet they contain.
A repeated grouping of two or more lines in a poem that often share a pattern of rhythm and rhyme, and they are sometimes named according to the number of lines they have.
The pattern of beats, or stresses, in spoken or written language.
The rhythmic pattern of stresses recurring in a poem.
A foot with one unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable.
A foot with one stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable.
A foot with two strong stresses.
A foot with one strong stress followed by two unstressed syllables.
A foot with two unstressed syllables followed by one strong stress.
The repetition of sounds at the ends of words.
A technique used by a poet to emphasize the sound relationships among words in order to create musical and emotional effects and emphasize a poem’s meaning.
It involves the repetition of words with the same vowel and consonant sounds.
It involves the repetition of words that sound alike but do not rhyme exactly.
It occurs when the rhyming words come at the ends of lines.
It occurs when the rhyming words appear in the same line.
A regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem. It is indicated in a poem by using different letters of the alphabet for each new rhyme.
The use of any element of language — a sound, a word, a phrase, a clause, or a sentence — more than once
The repetition of initial consonant sounds. It is used by writers to give emphasis to words, to imitate sounds, and to create musical effects.
The repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants in two or more stressed syllables.
The repetition of final consonant sounds in stressed syllables with different vowel sounds.
The use of words that imitate sounds.
It is the dictionary meaning of a word, independent of other associations that the word may have.
It is the set of ideas of a word associated with it in addition to its explicit meaning.
The writer’s attitude toward his or her audience and subject.
The descriptive or figurative language used in literature to create word pictures for the reader.
A figure of speech in which the words “like” or “as” are used to compare two apparently dissimilar terms.
A figure of speech in which one thing is spoken of as though it were something else.
A type of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics.
Poetry not written in a regular pattern of meter or rhyme.
Poetry that follows “rules” regarding stanza length and meter or rhyme patterns. It also follows other fixed patterns.
A songlike narrative poem, usually written in rhymed stanzas of four to six lines that feature repetition and strong meter.
An unrhymed three-lined lyric poem, usually focused on images from nature, in which lines one and three have five syllables and line two has seven syllables.
A fourteen-line lyric poem consisting of three quatrains and a couplet, usually rhymed abab cdcd efef gg.
A lyric poem on a serious subject, usually written in a precise structure.
A poem with a shape that suggests its subject; the poet arranges letters, words, punctuation, and lines to create a picture.