Introduction to Poetry Vocabulary

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Poetry
One of the three types of literature in which special intensity is given to the expression of feelings and ideas by the use of distinctive style and rhythm.
Lyric Poem
A highly musical verse that expresses the thoughts, observations, and feelings of a single speaker.
Narrative Poem
A type of poem that tells a story.
Dramatic Poetry
Poetry that utilizes the techniques of drama.
Speaker
The imaginary voice assumed by the writer of a poem.
Line
A sequence of words printed as a separate entity on the page. In poetry, they are usually measured by the number of feet they contain.
Stanza
A repeated grouping of two or more lines in a poem that often share a pattern of rhythm and rhyme, and they are sometimes named according to the number of lines they have.
Rhythm
The pattern of beats, or stresses, in spoken or written language.
Meter
The rhythmic pattern of stresses recurring in a poem.
Iamb
A foot with one unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable.
Trochee
A foot with one stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable.
Spondee
A foot with two strong stresses.
Dactyl
A foot with one strong stress followed by two unstressed syllables.
Anapest
A foot with two unstressed syllables followed by one strong stress.
Rhyme
The repetition of sounds at the ends of words.
Sound Device
A technique used by a poet to emphasize the sound relationships among words in order to create musical and emotional effects and emphasize a poem’s meaning.
Exact Rhyme
It involves the repetition of words with the same vowel and consonant sounds.
Slant Rhyme
It involves the repetition of words that sound alike but do not rhyme exactly.
End Rhyme
It occurs when the rhyming words come at the ends of lines.
Internal Rhyme
It occurs when the rhyming words appear in the same line.
Rhyme Scheme
A regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem. It is indicated in a poem by using different letters of the alphabet for each new rhyme.
Repetition
The use of any element of language — a sound, a word, a phrase, a clause, or a sentence — more than once
Alliteration
The repetition of initial consonant sounds. It is used by writers to give emphasis to words, to imitate sounds, and to create musical effects.
Assonance
The repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants in two or more stressed syllables.
Consonance
The repetition of final consonant sounds in stressed syllables with different vowel sounds.
Onomatopoeia
The use of words that imitate sounds.
Denotation
It is the dictionary meaning of a word, independent of other associations that the word may have.
Connotation
It is the set of ideas of a word associated with it in addition to its explicit meaning.
Tone
The writer’s attitude toward his or her audience and subject.
Imagery
The descriptive or figurative language used in literature to create word pictures for the reader.
Simile
A figure of speech in which the words “like” or “as” are used to compare two apparently dissimilar terms.
Metaphor
A figure of speech in which one thing is spoken of as though it were something else.
Personification
A type of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics.
Free Verse
Poetry not written in a regular pattern of meter or rhyme.
Formal Verse
Poetry that follows “rules” regarding stanza length and meter or rhyme patterns. It also follows other fixed patterns.
Ballad
A songlike narrative poem, usually written in rhymed stanzas of four to six lines that feature repetition and strong meter.
Haiku
An unrhymed three-lined lyric poem, usually focused on images from nature, in which lines one and three have five syllables and line two has seven syllables.
English Sonnet
A fourteen-line lyric poem consisting of three quatrains and a couplet, usually rhymed abab cdcd efef gg.
Ode
A lyric poem on a serious subject, usually written in a precise structure.
Concrete Poem
A poem with a shape that suggests its subject; the poet arranges letters, words, punctuation, and lines to create a picture.
Categories: Poetry