Poetry terms and definitions

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lyric poetry
expresses vivid thoughts and feelings but no plot
narrative poetry
tells a story with a genuine plot
dramatic poetry
more like a play which uses techniques of drama such as speaker and conflict to tell a story.
speaker
the imaginary voice assumed by the writer of a poem; may be a person, animal, thing or abstraction.
musical poetry
uses elements of sound to produce the desired effect.
onomatopoeia
the use of words to imitate actual sounds.
alliteration
repetition of the first sound of several words.
consonance
repetition of similar consonant sounds within words and especially at the ends of accented syllables
assonance
repetition of similar vowel sounds
meter
formal organization of rhythms; a pattern of alternating stressed and unstressed syllables
repetition
repeated words or phrases
rhyme
words that end the same sounds.
simile
compares unlike things using the word like or as.
metaphor
makes a comparison by writing or speaking about one thing as if it were another
personification
describes an object, animal, or idea as if it had human characteristics.
apostrophe
the speaker or narrator directly addresses a person who is not present or a thing or an abstraction.
rhyme scheme
pattern of rhymes expressed with letters of the alphabet for each specific rhyme
stanza
sub-part of a poem – like a paragraph
euphemism
a mild, indirect, or vague term in the place of one considered harsh, blunt, or offensive
idiom
a local expression whose meanings literal meaning is different from the actual usage meaning.
Categories: Poetry