World Literature 2 Figurative Language

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Simile
A comparison using like or as.
metaphor
figure of speech comparing two different things.
conceit
A fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or surprising analogy between seemingly dissimilar objects.
synecdoche
A figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole (as hand for sailor), the whole for a part (as the law for police officer), the specific for the general (as cutthroat for assassin), the general for the specific (as thief for pickpocket), or the material for the thing made from it (as steel for sword).
metonymy
A figure of speech in which something is referred to by using the name of something that is associated with it.
personification
giving human characteristics to something that is not human.
apostrophe
A figure of speech that directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or a personified abstraction, such as liberty or love.
hyperbole
A figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor.
understatement
A figure of speech in which a writer or speaker says less than what he or she means; the opposite of exaggeration.
oxymoron
A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase.
pun
A pun is a play on words in which a humorous effect is produced by using a word that suggests two or more meanings or by exploiting similar sounding words having different meanings.
nonfigurative, literal comparisons
upholding the exact or primary meaning of a word or words
Categories: World Literature