World Literature 2 – Final Exam

Published by admin on

As chapter one of Metamorphosis begins, Gregor Samsa awakens one morning to find he has been transformed into
a man-sized bug with no clue as to how it happened.
Gregor’s current job description would be
a textile salesman
The day of the metamorphosis, Gregor’s waking on his back demonstrates
his helplessness
Gregor’s constant travel has had this effect on his romantic relationships:
It has made having a serious relationship with a woman almost impossible because he doesn’t stay in one place long enough to get to know women or for them to get to know him.
As much as Gregor has disliked the company where he works, he has not quit because
his father owes the boss money and Gregor’s paying off the debt.
When the manager arrives at the family’s apartment, his reaction to Gregor’s first day of absence in five years with the firm is
to accuse Gregor of not making a satisfactory number of sales and even stealing.
In Chapter 2, we learn that before the metamorphosis, Gregor’s secret plan for his sister Grete has been
to send her to a music conservatory.
By what means does Gregor spare his sister any sight of him at all?
spreading a sheet over a piece of furniture and crawling under it.
As the room is cleared, the one sentimental item that Gregor tries desperately to save is
a framed picture of a woman in a magazine clipping.
Franz Kafka felt alienated for all the following reasons EXCEPT
his family was lower-class because his grandfather had been born a Russian serf.
Modern writers are noted for their attempt to do all the following EXCEPT
to reflect the belief that the contemplation of nature is contemplation of the divine because God made and is present in all natural things, even in the simplest state.
The person whose work is usually credited with giving a systematic, scientific basis for the interest of modern writers in the area of character complexity is
Sigmund Freud
The term that means that writers don’t have to justify the work of art nor do they have to have a certain purpose for it is
art for arts sake
The Night Chant is part of the oral literature of this Native American tribe
Navajo
In our modern culture, the work Night Chant has become increasingly fascinating because it
explores the mind-body connection in humans.
Another name for chant in Native American culture is the word
way
The Night Chant takes place over the time period of
9 days w/ two 4-day parts and a last night.
The focus of the Night Chant is on this particular person:
the patient
The Night Chant begins with the performance of these dancers:
4 dancers dressed as thunderbirds
The sacrifice that is referred to in Night Chant is
tobacco
On the day of the auction, the family
hosts a ball with a Jewish band they don’t have the money to pay playing in the ballroom.
Trofimov explains to Madame Lubov Ranevskaya that he and Anya are not seriously involved romantically because
he is above love and concentrates his energies more on ideas and learning
Chekhov’s dramatic technique of indirect action is represented by the play’s most important event taking place offstage, which is
the sale of the family’s estate at auction.
The neighbor Pishchik, a complex character who seems carefree yet also speaks of suicide, says something will turn up to get him out of debt; that “something” turns out to be
the white clay found on his land.
When the play ends, the status of the relationship between Varya and Lopahin is that
Lopahin simply never comes through with the proposal, so the two go their separate ways.
The fate of the cherry orchard and the rest of the estate is that
Lopahin purchases it with his original plan in mind of chopping down the cherry trees and building summer cottages.
In The Cherry Orchard the the young valet Yasha proves he is the least sympathetic character by all these actions EXCEPT
his purchase of the cherry orchard with funds he embezzled from Lubov Ranevskaya.
The fate of the faithful old manservant Firs is that
Yasha’s false claim that Firs has been taken to hospital is accepted as truth by the family and Firs is left in the house to die alone.
An odd noise heard twice in the play The Cherry Orchard is
the sound of a snapping string.
The play has taken place over a period of
about half of a year-from May to October.
Lubov Ranevskaya receives telegrams constantly from
her former lover in Paris who is desperately trying to win her back.
Vary has high hopes that Anya will
marry a rich man and have a comfortable family life.
Lubov Ranevskaya holds onto the hope that this person will provide the money to pay the debt on the estate:
her wealthy aunt who disapproves of Lubov’s lifestyle.
Lubov Ranevskaya and her brother Gayev view the orchard as a symbol of
their childhoods and family heritage.
The student Trofimov helps Anya to see the orchard as a symbol of
the serfs who had been enslaved there over the years.
All of the following are true about Lubov Ranevskaya’s lover EXCEPT
he convinced her to return to Russia to resolve her family’s financial situation.
The other characters in the play expect Lopahin to propose to
the older sister Varya.
Varya is sensitive because she has been criticized for
feeding the hired help poorly.
Lubov Ranevskaya and her brother Gayev will not agree to Lopahin’s proposal for the cherry orchard because
the idea of cottages and summer people is quite vulgar to their aristocratic point of view.
When a begger approaches the family and friends, Lubov Ranevskaya
foolishly gives him a gold coin even though the family is flat broke.
All of the following statements about Chekhov’s life are true EXCEPT
he was born to the aristocracy and became a Russian count.
The play The Cherry Orchard opens in May in this room of the family estate:
the former nursery.
We see in the first scene that although Lopahin, whose father was a serf, is a successful businessman, he is still self-conscious about
his background in the finer points of life such as manners and education
The younger daughter Anya returns from Paris where she went (with her governess Charlotta as chaperone) for the purpose of
bringing her mother home to help the family find a solution to paying the debts on their estate
Madame Lubov ran away from the estate after the deaths of these two people
her husband and seven-year-old son
This character is clearly the darling of the household:
Anya, the teen-age daughter whose mother left her five years ago to be raised by the others.
When Madame Lubov Ranevskaya’s brother Gayev gets flustered or embarrassed, he
pretends he is playing billiards.
Lopahin’s plan to help the family save their estate is to
build summer cottages on the land to rent to the city people.
Lubov Ranevskaya’s neighbor Pishchik asks her to lend him money; her agreement to do this signifies to us that
she is a highly impractical person who simply can’t say no to people
Lubov Ranevskaya becomes very emotional when she sees Trofimov because
he was her little son Grisha’s tutor before Grisha drowned
When Ivan’s career stalls and he and Praskovya fall deeply into debt, they move in with some of her relatives until
Ivan is able to secure a much better job that he learns about from a friend
Ivan’s illness seems to begin as a result of
his fall from a stepladder he climbed to show an upholsterer how to hang the drapes
When Ivan gets a much better position, all of the following happen EXCEPT
they finally have such an ample income that they can live well and save for retirement
The cold, formal manner of the doctors who treat Ivan reminds him of
himself as the accused person stands before him in court
Ivan realizes the progression of his disease when
Praskovya’s brother visits and registers shock at Ivan’s appearance
As Ivan’s nurse, Gerasim helps to ease Ivan’s pain by
elevating Ivan’s legs by holding them on his shoulders.
What torments Ivan most is not the physical pain but
the lie that he is not dying and will get better in time.
When Ivan wishes to live as he did before, “well and pleasantly,” he looks back on his life and realizes that his last true happiness was when
he was growing up
Each of the following is a reaction to the imminent death of Ivan Ilyich EXCEPT
Son Vasya boldly asks for a share of his inheritance to be given him immediately
Two hours before Ivan’s death, when he finally falls through the black sack and catches sight of the light, he comes to the realization that
he has not lived a good life with the right values and is sorry.
At various times in his extraordinary life, Tolstoy played each of these roles EXCEPT that of
a medical doctor who was well-known as one of the top surgeons of the day
Ivan Ilyich’s coworkers at the Law Courts learn of his death
by his good friend Peter chancing to read about it in the newspaper during work one day
The reaction of Ivan’s coworkers to the news of his death is that
they all think of the promotions that may be coming their way as a result
At the wake, Ivan’s widow Praskovya speaks to Peter about this important issue
getting more money for Ivan’s pension.
“For the last three days he screamed incessantly. It was unendurable. I cannot understand how I bore it; you could hear him three rooms off. Oh, what I have suffered!” was said by
Ivan’s wife Praskovya, who is far more concerned with herself than the suffering of her husband
Since Ivan’s youth, he has always been attracted to this type of people and adopts their values for himself:
highly successful, affluent people of society because they are the ones Ivan wants to be like
Ivan came from a family of three sons, but the youngest brother is no longer part of the lives of his parents or brothers and their wives, who all have “avoided remembering his existence,” because
his career has not been as successful as those of his father and brothers, so the family considers him a failure
At work, Ivan’s attitude as a magistrate is best described as
meticulously applying the letter of the law and remaining impersonal toward those appearing before him.
Ivan marries Praskovya for all the following reasons EXCEPT
he has fallen in love with her and can’t imagine life without her
When married life brings problems such as Praskovya’s illnesses with pregnancies and the deaths of three children, Ivan’s reaction is
to distance himself from his family by working late and playing bridge with friends, and always entertaining visitors when he is at home
The literary works of the literary movement Symbolism are usually in the genre of
poetry
The literary movement Symbolism is a reaction against the starkness of
realism
All of the following statements about Baudelaire’s life are true EXCEPT
He spent all of his rather large inheritance in two short years.
In “A Carcass,” the young man’s companion on his stroll through the countryside is
his girlfriend
Of the following statements, this one best describes the tone Baudelaire uses in “The Carcass”:
He uses the language of courtly love and a lilting ballad meter to describe the gruesome details of the animal carcass to shock us and make us pay attention to his message
In the last lines of “A Carcass,” the only person who can preserve beauty forever is
the poet
The theme of “A Carcass” is carpe diem, which the poet uses here to say that
life is too short to waste
Baudelaire’s inspiration for “Spleen LXXIX” (79) is
the odds and ends he finds in a bureau drawer, which bring back memories of people and events from his past
In lines 15-19 of “Spleen LXXIX” (79), the poet feels his boredom will last
forever
In “Spleen LXXXI” (81), the imagery Baudelaire uses to convey boredom and a sense of helplessness include all the following EXCEPT
hope is compared to a moth that injures itself flying into a candle flame
The literary movements Realism and Naturalism took place primarily
in the second half of the 19th Century
This period saw the decline of all these old political systems EXCEPT
constitutional governments
An increased availability of cheaper goods during this period was due largely to all these EXCEPT
the diminished social barriers that occurred along with the fall of the monarchies
The publication of Charles Darwin’s On the Origin of the Species caused people to
do all of the above as part of the strong reactions either for or against Darwin’s work
Karl Marx’s The Communist Manifesto introduced the concept of
socialism, in which the government owns and distributes everything
Traditionally, our system of government in the United States is
capitalism, which allows for private ownership of most businesses
Realism attempts to be objective, but the problem getting in the way of that ideal is that Realist writers
almost always try to teach something in the work that they want the reader to know
The famous American Realist writer and publisher William Dean Howells said Realism’s purpose is to “to widen the bounds of sympathy” so that readers will view the characters with
empathy
All the following are characteristics of Naturalism EXCEPT this one
It shows that people have free will and the power to change their lives with the decisions they make
Naturalism shows human lives as being controlled by these forces EXCEPT
predetermination
T. S. Eliot (Thomas Sterns Eliot) is a writer claimed in the national literature of two countries
the United States and Great Britain
When Eliot wrote the The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock he was
a 22-year-old student at Harvard University
The occasion in The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock is a
party
The question that Prufrock finds so overwhelming is
asking a woman to go out with him
Prufrock avoids going down the stairs because everyone will see
his bald spot
Complete this famous line of Eliot’s: “I have measured out my life with _________.”
coffee spoons
Prufrock fears that the young woman he wants to approach will
have his head served on a platter
Prufrock says the eternal Footman (Death) holds his coat and
snickers at him with disdain because Prufrock is wasting his life with his indecisiveness
The term that means a reference in a literary work to a person, place, or thing in another work of literature or history is
allusion
The term for the writing style Eliot used for his poetry, to help the reader form a mental picture and then react emotionally to it is
imagism
The “visible souvenir” left festering in Gregor’s back after he’s attacked by his father is
an apple
The character who begs for Gregor’s life during the attack by father is
mother
A result of the attack by his father is that
Gregor has lost his mobility for good so no there will be more walking across the walls and ceilings for him.
Without Gregor’s paycheck to support the family, they
each find jobs in order to pay the bills.
To help reduce expenses on the large apartment, the family
rents one of the rooms in the nice, big apartment provided them by Gregor to three boarders
When Grete plays the violin one evening after dinner, the most appreciative of the music seems to be
Gregor, who still is human inside and moved powerfully by the music
Initially, Gregor was closest to this character, but this person later betrays him by insisting the family get rid of “it”
Grete
Gregor’s remains are disposed of by
the charwoman, who sweeps them up and throws them in the garbage.
After Gregor’s death, the family’s plans for the charwoman are to
fire her
Father, Mother, and Grete take a train out into the countryside in order to
take the day off from work because they all deserve a holiday.
The Tagore family made important contributions to the literature and culture of
the Bengal Renaissance.
The setting of the story Punishment is
India
In Section 1 of the story Punishment, the two Rui brothers are cheated of their wages and powerless to do anything about it because they are part of the caste of
laborers
When the brothers return home at the end of a long, tiring day, an intense argument erupts between the older brother Dukhiram and his wife Radha over
the lack of food for the hungry family to eat.
The argument between the older brother Dukhiram and his wife Radha results in
the murder of Radha.
The relationship of Chandara and Chidam before the murder is best described as one of
love and passion
Chidam decides to save the person who is irreplaceable to him, his
brother
During the trial, all of the following characters confess to Radha’s murder EXCEPT
Ramlochan Chakravarti, the landlord
As the story Punishment ends, the only person Chandara wishes to see before her hanging is
her mother
Because the writer Rabindranath Tagore once held a similar position, the character in the story he based upon himself is
Ramlochan Chakravarti, the landlord.
Symbolism
is a literary movement (mainly poetry) begun in France and Belgium in the 1880’s. It was a transitional movement between Romanticism and Modernism. It was a protest against the starkness of Realism.
Carpe Diem
Sieze the day
Charles Bauldaire
– most famous of the symbolist writers
– A “Carcass”
– Spleen
– The Flowers of Evil
Leo Tolstoy
– writer of realism
– The Death of Ivan Illyich
– led two lives
Everyman
This is a term from an old medieval morality play in which the main character is named to get the point across to the audience that each person must face death.
Anton Chekhov
– writer of naturalism
– The Cherry Orchard
“Slice of Life”
which is when a literary work (book, movie, etc.) shows a sequence of events seemingly cut-out of the character’s life in an attempt to
photograph reality
Sigmund Freud
(founder of psychoanalysis) work gave a systematic, scientific basis for the interest in
psychology and character complexity.
art for art’s sake
The writers or artists don’t have to justify the work of art nor do they have to have a certain purpose for it.
Washington Matthews
– translated The Night Chant
Hogan
is the Navajo dwelling, and its four posts represent the sacred mountains; its floor represents mother earth, and its roof represents the sky.
Franz Kafka
The Metamorphosis
– surrealism
Surrealism
tries to express the working of the subconscious by using imagery that is dreamlike or has unreal quality.
Rabindranath Tagore
Punishment`
T.S. Eliot
The Love Song of Alfred J. Prufrock
– imagism and allusion
Discontinuous composition
the absence of transition from one part of the poem to the next
Categories: World Literature