World Literature Exam 1

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Dharma
the guiding principle of proper human conduct, prescribed program at sacred duty, the basis for the social and moral order of the world
Visnu
The preserver
SIva
The destroyer
Brahma
The creator
Daiva
ancient indian word for divine will. It is the collective will of the gods.
Vedas
hindu’s primary sculpture of few books of sacred hymns
Laksmi
Situ is the avatar for which spouse of Vishnu??
Homosocial Bond
the intense personal bond between men. Ex. Gilgamesh and Endiku share this.
Ishtar
Mesopotamian goddess of love, fertility, and war
Grantas (Qualities of a Roman Hero)
seriousness of purpose and devotion to duty
Pietas (Qualities of a Roman Hero)
Devotion to the gods of rome
Fugalitas (Qualities of a Roman Hero)
Idealizing of the simple life free from distractions of vanity
Anachronism (Literary Strategies)
out of time, out of place
Amplification (Literary Strategies)
rhetorical device used to emphasize intensity, or enlarge elaborations with details. Ex: Homers description of Achillies Shield
Apostrophe (literary Strategies)
when a speaker turns directly to address an absent person
Appropriate
to adopt or alter a pattern or style. Romans appropriate greeks stones in 4 major ways
Refocusing
Changing Greek names to romans and reflecting romans attitude towards war.
Historicizing
romans insisted in trying real names and myths to specific places on certain dates. Romans were proud of their history.
Reinterating
changing the myth to reflect a particular and linear universe directed at one. the subjection of all the eorlf to roman laws and views
Roman Empire
founded in 753 BC
Aeneid
written 10 years after the fall of troy and was written in 20 BC
Heroic Code
ancient ideal of excellence to which all aristocratic male members. involves courage, heroism in Battle, complete loyalty, wisdom, and strength
Aidos
is the sense of responsibility
Hubris
overwhelming pride or insolence that results in the misfortune of the protagonist.
Kudos
individual glory
Ate
greek word for “ruin”or “falling” it is the clouding of the mind results from excessive pride.
Devices used in Epic Poetry
-Statement of the Theme
-in media res- in the middle of things
-Catalogues of warriors, armies, and ships
-extended formal speeches by the main character
-invocation of the muse
-Describing a Simile in 2-14 lines
Greek Concept of Fate
Gods do not dictate human destiny, humans determine their own fate.
Categories: World Literature