World Literature Exam Review

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Christopher Marlowe
1st Great English playwright, questioned authority.
“The Passionate Shepherd to His Love.”
Sir Walter Raleigh
Favorite knight and captain of Queen Elizabeth. Secret marriage led to imprisonment for treason
“The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd.”
Sir Thomas Wyatt
Introduced the sonnet to English. Used Petrarchan form for his poems, but never published them.
“Whoso List to Hunt.”
Edmund Spenser
Wrote many pastoral poems. Created the Spenserian Sonnet.
Sonnet 30 (Fire/Ice)
Sonnet 75 (Name on beach)
William Shakespeare
Most successful playwright of his time. Expanded form of the sonnet and made it more complex and less predictable.
Sonnet 18 (Summer’s Day)
Sir Thomas More
Wrote fiction focusing on problems in the 16th Century. Appointed to the King’s Council, but wouldn’t side with King Henry the 8th on his break from the RCC. Executed for treason.
Utopia.
Queen Elizabeth I
One of the best monarchs in English History. United Catholics and Protestants. Encouraged Literature and Drama.
“Speech Before the Spanish Armada.”
Sonnet
14 line poem with a complicated rhyme scheme and defined structure.
Analogy
Comparison between two dissimilar things in order to explain an unfamiliar subject in terms of a familiar one.
Repetition
Repeated use of a word or phrase.
Rhetorical Question
A question to which no answer is expressed.
Antithesis
Expresses contrasting ideas in parallel grammatical structures.
Renaissance
Time of rebirth that began in Italy in the 14th Century when people became more curious about life on earth.
1517
Protestant Reformation. Luther wrote the 95 theses, and they split from the Roman Catholic Church.
1588
English defeated the Spanish Armada and England became a super power.
1611
King James version of the Bible came out, which was a great example of English Literature in that time.
1066
Battle of Hastings. The feudal system began.
Scop
Professional Poet
Epic
Long narrative poem telling about the deeds of a great hero.
Epic Hero
Brave and intelligent hero in an epic.
Alliteration
Repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words in the same line.
Kenning
Poetic synonyms often found in Germanic poems. Ex. Beowulf=Hero of the Geats.
499
Anglo-Saxon period.
597
Augustine established a monastery which lead to the spread of Christianity.
1576
The year in which London’s first theater was built.
John Donne
Abandoned Catholicism and became an Anglican priest. Forerunner of metaphysical poetry.
“A Valediction, Forbidding Mourning.” “Meditation 17.”
Cavalier Poetry
Lighthearted, charming, and witty. Pushed philosophy of “carpe diem.”
Metaphysical Poetry
Highly intellectual and slightly irrelevant. Primarily devotional and religious, relates to that which transcends the perceptible.
Robert Herrick
Anglican priest from London middle class. Did not concern himself with life’s deep questions.
“To the Virgins, to make much of Time.” “To Daffodils”
Venerable Bede
“The Father of English History” Worked in a monastery since he was seven.
“The History of the English Church and People.”
Geoffrey Chaucer
Narrator for Canterbury Tales, he describes them and decides whether he likes them of not.
Tragic Hero
Central Character in a drama who is dignified possesses a defect that leads to their downfall.
Tragic Play Structure
1. Introduction 2. Rising Action 3. Climatic Plateau 4. Turning Point 5. Falling Action 6. Conclusion
Paradox
Two opposites existing at the same time.
Soliloquy
Solo speech on stage.
Metaphysical Conceit
Type of extended metaphor comparing very dissimilar things.
Categories: World Literature