World Literature I Renaissance Foster

Published by admin on

First great humanist
Francis Petrarch
The placing of emphasis on human interests rather than on the natural world or religion
Humanism
Where did humanism begin?
Italy
Learning before the Renaissance “new learning” -Strict vocabulary and method
Scholasticism
Three things that humanists were interested in their town.
1. Interested in moral and ethical problems of urban living
2. Proud of their city and defending its liberty
3. Interested in politics
What period did the humanists revive and imitate in their literature?
Antiquity Literature
The results of humanists not attending universities
“New Learning”
Two categories of drama
Medieval and classical greek
Sonnet
emerged directly from medieval troubadour traditions
-Petrarch and Shakespeare
Canzoniere
Petrarch’s collection of lyric poetry
Laura
Who Petrarch was in love with and wrote about
Petrarch’s writing was similar to what tradition?
Christian
Manual of Instruction
The Prince
Machiavelli’s friend and correspondent who helped him get released from imprisonment
Vettori
Culmination of Machiavelli’s meditations on Roman history and teaching it
Discourses on the First Ten Chapters of Livy
He felt the Romans offered supreme models in all areas of human endeavor
Machiavelli
Who wrote Gargantua
Rabelais
Kingdom of Gargantua
Utopia
Grangousier
Gargantua’s father
Gargamelle
Gargantua’s mother who gave birth from her left ear
This ideology ushered in the Renaissance.

Human self-realization through reason. No longer ruled and shaped by church, family feudal class, guild. Emancipation of the individual.

Humanism
Machiavelli considers the art of _____ to be the primary one that pertains to a sovereign.
War
“Gargangua” is classified within the _____ romance literary genre.
Patoral
Petrarch’s “Canzoniere” was written in the vernacular instead of the more serious _____.
Latin
The castle that Quixote sees in his mind is actually a(n) _____.
Inn
The name of Quixote’s horse.
Rozinante
The _____ epic genre has elements found in the medieval romance and the epic.
Romantic
For the models of their own literary efforts, humanists turned to _____ authors.
Classic
Grandgousier becomes involved in the _____ War with a neighboring kingdom.
Pichrochole
The Renaissance “new learning” was a reaction to _____, the medieval form of education.
Scholasticism
Quixote mistakes windmills for _____.
Giants
Humanists felt we could all get along if we would live a(n) _____ life.
Ethical
One form of Renaissance drama was clearly _____ in origin; the other was classical.
Medieval
Gargantua’s horse knocks over a(n) _____ with her tail.
Forest
Rabelais gives the name _____ to Grangousier’s kingdom.
Utopia
He wrote “Don Quixote.”
Cervantes
At the end of the novel, we see Quixote as a(n) _____ fool.
Wise
Because he is defeated by the Knight of the _____, Quixote must return home.
Moon
He is Quixote’s squire.
Sancho
In reality, the Lady Dulcinea del Toboso is a(n) _____ girl.
Peasant
This family had Machiavelli imprisoned.
Medici
She was the subject of most of Petrarch’s sonnets.
Laura
He is responsible for the English version of the sonnet.
Shakespeare
Gargantua moves to Paris to become the pupil of _____. He is a sophist who makes him work every minute.
Ponacrates
The Renaissance audience was interested in the moral and ethical problems of _____ living.
human
In his sonnets, Petrarch equates his love with the passion of _____.
Christ
He felt the Romans offered supreme models in all areas of human endeavor.
Machiavelli
The Renaissance is generally thought to begin with his literary career.
Petrarch
This Renaissance poem always has 14 lines and its subject is always idealized love.
Sonnet
Quixote decides to become a(n) _____.
Knight
“The _____” is an example of a manual of instruction.
Prince
As a reward to Friar John, Gargantua builds the _____ of Theleme.
Abbey
Who was the last great Renaissance stylist in art?
Michaelangelo
When did the Renaissance period end?
Said to have ended at various times

– Micahgelos death in 1564 ( most popular view)
Lutheran Reformation in 1517
Catholic Counter Reformation in
Organized Council of Trent
Sack of Roman Emperor Charles V in 1527

Renaissance Time Period
14th, 15th, 16th Century
Humanism
Placing emphasis on human interests rather than on the natural world of religion
Rennasaince man
Did what he wanted
Rejected restrictions
Asserted his freedom
Fact #1
Humansit was attacked by both Catholisism and Protestantism

Humanists saw strengths and weaknesses in both religions

Fact #2
Humanists set up new centers of learning in academics, Platonic Academy, founded in the Florence
Fact #3
Humanism had a very important influence on the European education curriculum
Scholastics
Largely professional theologians or philosophers writing for fellow professionals- highly technical and rigid method
How did the humansits feel about scholastics?
Believed they were men who wrote in barbarous Latin about ridiculous subjects
“The New Learning”
Brought about by Humanists

1. Various systems of mathematics and sciences
2. Accurate and objective surveys in history and philosophy
3. Classical and contemporary rhetoric
4. Ancient Languages, particularly Latin, Greek, and Hebrew
5. Logic
6. Art
7. Literature

Fact #4
Despite religious belief the educated European was all still trained in the same classics with the same humanist ideas
Lyre
Lyric
Cazone
Italian for Song
Sonnet
Latin meaning sound
Categories: World Literature