World Literature I Renaissance Foster
First great humanist
The placing of emphasis on human interests rather than on the natural world or religion
Where did humanism begin?
Learning before the Renaissance “new learning” -Strict vocabulary and method
Three things that humanists were interested in their town.
1. Interested in moral and ethical problems of urban living
2. Proud of their city and defending its liberty
3. Interested in politics
What period did the humanists revive and imitate in their literature?
The results of humanists not attending universities
Two categories of drama
Medieval and classical greek
emerged directly from medieval troubadour traditions
-Petrarch and Shakespeare
Petrarch’s collection of lyric poetry
Who Petrarch was in love with and wrote about
Petrarch’s writing was similar to what tradition?
Manual of Instruction
Machiavelli’s friend and correspondent who helped him get released from imprisonment
Culmination of Machiavelli’s meditations on Roman history and teaching it
Discourses on the First Ten Chapters of Livy
He felt the Romans offered supreme models in all areas of human endeavor
Who wrote Gargantua
Kingdom of Gargantua
Gargantua’s mother who gave birth from her left ear
This ideology ushered in the Renaissance.
Human self-realization through reason. No longer ruled and shaped by church, family feudal class, guild. Emancipation of the individual.
Machiavelli considers the art of _____ to be the primary one that pertains to a sovereign.
“Gargangua” is classified within the _____ romance literary genre.
Petrarch’s “Canzoniere” was written in the vernacular instead of the more serious _____.
The castle that Quixote sees in his mind is actually a(n) _____.
The name of Quixote’s horse.
The _____ epic genre has elements found in the medieval romance and the epic.
For the models of their own literary efforts, humanists turned to _____ authors.
Grandgousier becomes involved in the _____ War with a neighboring kingdom.
The Renaissance “new learning” was a reaction to _____, the medieval form of education.
Quixote mistakes windmills for _____.
Humanists felt we could all get along if we would live a(n) _____ life.
One form of Renaissance drama was clearly _____ in origin; the other was classical.
Gargantua’s horse knocks over a(n) _____ with her tail.
Rabelais gives the name _____ to Grangousier’s kingdom.
He wrote “Don Quixote.”
At the end of the novel, we see Quixote as a(n) _____ fool.
Because he is defeated by the Knight of the _____, Quixote must return home.
He is Quixote’s squire.
In reality, the Lady Dulcinea del Toboso is a(n) _____ girl.
This family had Machiavelli imprisoned.
She was the subject of most of Petrarch’s sonnets.
He is responsible for the English version of the sonnet.
Gargantua moves to Paris to become the pupil of _____. He is a sophist who makes him work every minute.
The Renaissance audience was interested in the moral and ethical problems of _____ living.
In his sonnets, Petrarch equates his love with the passion of _____.
He felt the Romans offered supreme models in all areas of human endeavor.
The Renaissance is generally thought to begin with his literary career.
This Renaissance poem always has 14 lines and its subject is always idealized love.
Quixote decides to become a(n) _____.
“The _____” is an example of a manual of instruction.
As a reward to Friar John, Gargantua builds the _____ of Theleme.
Who was the last great Renaissance stylist in art?
When did the Renaissance period end?
Said to have ended at various times
– Micahgelos death in 1564 ( most popular view)
Lutheran Reformation in 1517
Catholic Counter Reformation in
Organized Council of Trent
Sack of Roman Emperor Charles V in 1527
Renaissance Time Period
14th, 15th, 16th Century
Placing emphasis on human interests rather than on the natural world of religion
Did what he wanted
Asserted his freedom
Humansit was attacked by both Catholisism and Protestantism
Humanists saw strengths and weaknesses in both religions
Humanists set up new centers of learning in academics, Platonic Academy, founded in the Florence
Humanism had a very important influence on the European education curriculum
Largely professional theologians or philosophers writing for fellow professionals- highly technical and rigid method
How did the humansits feel about scholastics?
Believed they were men who wrote in barbarous Latin about ridiculous subjects
“The New Learning”
Brought about by Humanists
1. Various systems of mathematics and sciences
2. Accurate and objective surveys in history and philosophy
3. Classical and contemporary rhetoric
4. Ancient Languages, particularly Latin, Greek, and Hebrew
Despite religious belief the educated European was all still trained in the same classics with the same humanist ideas
Latin meaning sound