World Literature Unit 1

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Give 3 reasons for studying Literature.
1. We are caretakers of God’s creation
Psalm 24:1 “The earth is the Lord’s and everything in it. ”
Everything is God’s even literature.
2. It helps us learn about others.
Allows readers to understand others.
“Love your neighbor as yourself.”
3. Brings us pleasure.
Eccelesiastes 3:1 “There is a time for everything and a season for every activity (even literature) under heaven.”
How did the story Kaffir Boy demonstrate a purpose of studying literature?
We learned what life was like for African Americans in South Africa.
What does indefatigable mean? (his grandmother was described this way)
Untiring
Share about the story Kaffir Boy
Granny works for Mrs. Smith as a servant. Her grandson comes to work with her and meets Master Clyde (Mrs. Smith’s son). Mrs. Smith gives Granny Clyde’s old books and clothes for her grandson.
What is a myth?
A traditional story that explains a belief, custom or natural phenomenon. (creation or death)
What is an origin myth?
A myth that explains how the earth was created.
What is a folktale?
What is a folktale?
A story told by common people and passed along ORALLY from generation to generation.
legends, fairy tales, fables…
What are some qualities of folktales?
They are:
entertaining, secular (not religious) , feature magic
How the World was Made was what type of literature from where?
Cheyenne Myth (set in United States)
What does ‘How the World Was Made’ explain?
The creation of the world.
Who is the creator in ‘How the World Was Made’?
Maheo
What four things did Maheo create on his own?
Water, Light, Sky and the peoples of the water
Maheo asks the water animals for help…. who eventually is able to help him and how?
Coot – he swims down to the bottom of the water and brings back mud.
Maeho needs someone to hold the mud as he forms the earth … who does this?
Grandmother Turtle
“Faster than an arrow” is what literary device?
Simile – uses than
Coyote and the Origin of Death is what type of literature and takes place where?
It is a myth – explains the origin of death and a whirlwind
takes place in the United States (Caddo Myth)
“The birds became living patterns against the sky.” is what?
A metaphor – comparing two things
What is Coyote called?
A trickster- a clever, curious figure which brings trouble and chaos in a literary piece.
What is the problem in the Coyote story?
They are running out of room on the earth.
What does Coyote want to do and what do they end up doing?
Coyote wants people to experience an eternal death.
THey decide instead to have people die for a little while and then come back.
In the Coyote story, How will people die and come back?
They would stay in the medicine house and be restored back to life by singing a song to call back the spirit.
In the Coyote story, How come the death and return doesn’t work?
THe coyote closes the door to the medicine house so the spirits could not return.
What happens to Coyote?
He runs away and forever must look over his shoulder to see who is chasing him.
Obatala Creates The World (myth) takes place where?
Nigeria
Who is the Supreme God who ruled the other Gods in the Obatala story – ruler of the sun and sky?
Olorun
What is an epithet?
A descriptive phrase that is regularly used to characterize a person , place or thing.
Ex: Olorun, the Supreme God
What natural phenomena are explained in this myth?
1. why people are born with disabilities
2. creation of the sun
Why did Obatala create humans?
He got lonely.
What causes some humans to be deformed?
He was drinking when he made them.
Osiris and Isis takes place where?
It is an Egyptian myth
what is the definition of point of view
the vantage point from which a writer tells a story.
First person point of view is what?
Someone is telling you his or her story.
What is third person limited point of view?
In third person limited the narrator only knows the thoughts and feelings of one character. All characters are described using pronouns, such as ‘they’, ‘he’, and ‘she’. But, one character is closely followed throughout the story, and it is typically a main character.
What is Third person Omniscient point of view?
The narrator knows ALL!
What is the point of view of the story of Osiris ans Isis?
3rd – Person Omniscient writer is telling the story.
Why does Seth want to destroy Osiris?
He hates GREEN things.
How many deaths does Osiris experience and How does Isis save him?
2 deaths.
First, she breathes life back into him.
Second, she finds the pieces of his body and puts them back together.
What does this (Osiris & Isis) story explain?
How death and evil came into the world.
Genesis Story of Creation takes place where?
Israel
How does it start?
In the beginning
The White snake takes place where?
Germany
What are some elements of a fairy Tale?
supernatural elements like spirits, talking animals and magic
How does the servant get the ability to communicate with animals?
He takes a bite of the white snake
The servant finds the Queens ring .. how?
He overhears a duck saying it ate a ring.
The servant is kind to what three animals and how?
fish … he throws them back in the water.
Ant … he does not trample them.
Ravens… he kills his horse so they can eat it.
The prince wants to marry the princess … what is he asked to do. (3 things)
1. find a ring thrown in the sea … the fish bring it to him.
2. Pick the grains from spilled bags of grain … the ants pick it all up.
3. Get a golden apple from the tree of life .. the ravens bring it to him.
The Grimm brothers wrote fairy tales during this literary movement
Romanticism
What is a fairy tale?
A folktale that features common everyday people with supernatural elements like talking animals and magic.
The African Dilemma Tales takes place where?
Ghana
Need to add about each story (African Dilemma Tales): sons, old man, daughter, snake, farmer and chief
An African Dilemma Tale always ends with this
A Question
What is irony?
Something you don’t expect to happen … but it does .. like the yam, dog and branch talking.
What is a memoir?
A type of autobiography that focuses on a single time period or historical event.
Short Answer: Take one of the stories we’ve read so far and explain how reading the story allows students to practice at least two of the purposes detailed in our notes about why Christians should study literature.
Short Answer: Take one of the stories we read and explain how it offers an explanation of a natural phenomena.
Short Answer: Contrast what the Bible says about People with imperfections and what our story said (Obatala)
Which story did you like best and least and why?
Essay: Write a letter to a high school student (who does not go to South). Help this peer understand why kids in a Christian school don’t just read the Bible all day. Why is it beneficial to study literature? (must include: thesis, 2 reasons with support, 2 Bible verses and final summary sentence ) …
. We are caretakers of God’s creation
Psalm 24:1 “The earth is the Lord’s and everything in it. ”
Everything is God’s even literature.
2. It helps us learn about others.
Allows readers to understand others.
“Love your neighbor as yourself.”
3. Brings us pleasure.
Eccelesiastes 3:1 “There is a time for everything and a season for every activity (even literature) under heaven.”
Categories: World Literature