Atomic and Nuclear Physics Vocabulary

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Mass defect
Difference in mass between the mass of nucleus and mass of separate nucleons
Isotopes
Isotopes of elements are chemically identical but have different atomic masses
Radiative half life
The time it takes for the activity to halve
Nuclear Binding Energy
the energy released when the nuclide is assembled from its individual components
Unified mass unit
Half life
The time that must take for the initial activity of the radioactive sample to halve
Nucleon
Proton or neutron
Nuclide
A specific type of an atom, determined by the specific number of protons and neutrons.
Radioactive decay
A spontaneous breakdown of a nucleus, resulting in the release of energy and matter of nucleus
Random decay
Categories: Atomic Physics