Abnormal Psychology Ch. 5 (Barlow/Durand 7th edition)

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a negative mood state characterized by bodily symptoms of physical tension and by apprehension about the future
sudden, overwhelming fright or terror
an immediate alarm reaction to danger
panic attack
an abrupt experience of intense fear or acute discomfort, accompanied by physical symptoms that usually include heart palpitations, chest pain, shortness of breath, and, possibly, dizziness
behavioral inhibition system (BIS)
brain circuit in the limbic system that responds to threat signals by inhibiting activity and causing anxiety
fight/flight system (FFS)
brain circuit in animals that when stimulated causes an immediate alarm and escape response resembling human panic
generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
anxiety disorder characterized by intense, uncontrollable, unfocused, chronic, and continuous worry that is distressing and unproductive, accompanied by physical symptoms of tenseness, irritability, and restlessness
panic disorder (PD)
recurrent unexpected panic attacks accompanied by concern about future attacks and/or a lifestyle change to avoid future attacks
anxiety disorder characterized by anxiety about being in places or situations from which escape might be difficult in the event of panic symptoms or other unpleasant physical symptoms
panic control treatment (PCT)
cognitive behavioral treatment for panic attacks, involving gradual exposure to feared somatic sensations and modification of perceptions and attitudes about them
specific phobia
unreasonable fear of a specific object or situation that markedly interferes with daily life functioning
blood-injection-injury phobias
unreasonable fear and avoidance of exposure to blood, injury, or the possibility of an injection
situational phobias
anxiety involving enclosed places or public transportation
natural environment phobias
fear of situations or events in nature, especially heights, storms, and water
animal phobia
unreasonable, enduring fear of animals or insects that usually develops early in life
separation anxiety disorder
excessive, enduring fear in some individuals that harm will come to them or their loved ones when they are apart
social anxiety disorder
extreme, enduring, irrational fear and avoidance of social or performance situations
post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
enduring, distressing emotional disorder that follows exposure to severe helplessness or a fear-inducing threat
attachment disorders
developmentally inappropriate behaviors in which a child is unable or unwilling to form normal attachment relationships with care giving adults
reactive attachment disorder
attachment disorder in which a child with disturbed behavior neither seeks out a caregiver nor responds to offers of help from one
disinhibited social engagement disorder
condition in which a child shows no inhibitions whatsoever in approaching adults
obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
disorder involving unwanted, persistent, intrusive thoughts and impulses, as well as repetitive actions intended to suppress them
recurrent intrusive thoughts or impulses the client seeks to suppress or neutralize while recognizing they are not imposed by outside forces
repetitive, ritualistic, time-consuming behaviors or mental acts a person feels driven to perform to suppress obsessions
body dysmorphic disorder (BDD)
disorder featuring a disruptive preoccupation with some imagined defect in appearance
people’s urge to pull out their own hair from anywhere on the body, including the scalp, eyebrows, and arm
recurrent, difficult-to-control picking of one’s skin leading to significant impairment or distress
somatic symptom disorder
disorder involving extreme and long-lasting focus on multiple physical symptoms for which no medical cause is evident
dissociative disorder
disorder in which individuals feel detached from themselves or their surroundings and reality, experience, and identity may disintegrate
illness anxiety disorder
somatic symptom disorder involving severe anxiety over belief in having a disease process without any evident physical cause
psychological factors affecting medical condition
somatic condition in which a psychological characteristic impacts a diagnosed medical condition, such as asthma being exacerbated by anxiety
conversion disorder
physical malfunctioning, such as blindness or paralysis, suggesting neurological impairment but with no organic pathology to account for it
deliberate faking of a physical or psychological disorder motivated by gain
factitious disorder
nonexistent physical or psychological disorder deliberately faked for no apparent gain except possibly sympathy and attention
situation in which the individual loses a sense of the reality of the external world
depersonalization/derealization disorder
dissociative disorder in which feelings of depersonalization are so severe they dominate the client’s life and prevent normal functioning
dissociative amnesia
dissociative disorder featuring the inability to recall personal information, usually of a stressful or traumatic nature
generalized amnesia
loss of memory of all personal information, including identity
localized or selective amnesia
memory loss limited to specific times and events, particularly traumatic events
dissociative fugue
type of dissociative amnesia featuring sudden, unexpected travel away from home, along with an inability to recall the past, sometimes with assumption of a new identity
dissociative trance
altered state of consciousness in which people firmly believe they are possessed by spirits; considered a disorder only where there is distress and dysfunction
dissociative identity disorder (DID)
formerly known as multiple personality disorder; a disorder in which as many as 100 personalities or fragments of personalities coexist within one body and mind
alter egos (alters)
the different personalities or identities in dissociative identity disorder
Categories: Abnormal Psychology