Abnormal Psychology Chapter 1- Key Terms

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Mental Disorder
A group of emotional feelings, cognitive thinking, or behavioral symptoms that cause distress or significant problems.
Abnormal Psychology
The scientific study of troublesome feelings, thoughts, and behaviors associated with mental disorders. There are three types of prevention.
Maladaptive Behavior
A behavior that interferes with a person’s life, including ability to care for oneself, have good relationships with others, and function well at school or work.
Those who study mental problems to see how disorders develop and continue and how they can be prevented or alleviated.
Places set aside for people with mental disorders.
Mental Hygiene
The science of promoting mental health and thwarting mental disorder through mental education, early treatment, and public health measures.
Public Health Model
A prevention approach that focuses on promoting good health and good health practices to avert disease. There are 3 types of prevention in this model
Primary Prevention
Targeting large group of people, sometimes the entire public, who have not yet developed a mental disorder.
Secondary Prevention
Addressing emerging problems while they are still manageable and before they become resistant to intervention.
Tertiary Prevention
Involves reducing the severity, duration, and negative effects of a mental disorder after it has occurred. Its goal is to lessen the effects of an already diagnosed disorder.
A dimensional perspective of abnormal behavior characterized by others of disgrace or reproach based on an individual characteristic. Two types: self stigma and public stigma.
The 3 Criteria of Abnormal Behavior:
1. Deviance from the norm
2. Difficulties adapting to life’s demands or functioning effectively (including dangerous behavior)
3. Experience of personal distress
Statistical Deviance From the Norm:
Offers clear guidelines for identifying emotions, thoughts, or behaviors as normal or abnormal. Bell curve data analysis.
Abnormality Continuum
Emotion, Cognitive, Behavioral, Distress, Impairment
Categories: Abnormal Psychology