Abnormal Psychology Chapter 6: Somatoform and Dissociative Disorders

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Malingering
feigning of a symptom or a disorder for the purpose of avoiding an unwanted situation, such as military service.
Somatoform Disorders
Disorders marked by unpleasant or painful physical symptoms that have no apparent organic cause and that often are not physiologically possible, suggesting that psychological factors are involved.
Factitious Disorders
Disorders marked by deliberately faking physical or mental illness to gain medical attention.
Conversion Disorder
Syndrome marked by a sudden loss of functioning in a part of the body, usually following an extreme psychological stressor.
La belle indifference
seeming unconcerned about their paralysis or blindness, with respect to conversion disorder
Somatization Disorder
syndrome marked by the chronic experience of unpleasant or painful physical symptoms for which no organic cause can be found
Hypochondriasis
syndrome marked by chronic worry that one has a physical symptom or disease that one clearly does not have.
Body dysmorphic disorder
syndrome involving obsessive concern over a part of the body the individual believes is defective.
Pain disorder
syndrome marked by the chronic experience of acute pain that appears to have no physical cause.
Dissociation
process whereby different facets of an individual’s sense of self, memories, or consciousness become split off from one another.
Suggestibility
a state in which a person accepts another person’s suggestions and follows them
Hypnotizability
a person’s ability to be induced into a hypnotic state
Dissociative identity disorder
syndrome in which a person develops more than one distinct identity or personality, each of which can have distinct facial and verbal expressions, gestures, interpersonal styles, attitudes, and even physiological responses
Alters
multiple personalities within one person that have distinct qualities and perform certain functions.
Iatrogenic
the condition is caused by the therapist.
Dissociative fugue
disorder in which a person moves away and assumes a new identity, with amnesia for the previous identity.
Dissociative amnesia
loss of memory for important facts about a person’s own life and personal identity, usually including the awareness of this memory loss.
Depersonalization disorder
syndrome marked by frequent episodes of feeling detached from one’s own body and mental processes, as if one were an outside observer of oneself; symptoms must cause significant distress or interference with one’s ability to function.
Categories: Abnormal Psychology