Abnormal Psychology Definitions
A branch of psychology that deals with psychopathology and abnormal behavior. It deals with a wide range of psychiatric disorders which are characterized by maladaptive behavior that is destructive to the individuals or to others.
Identifying and classifying abnormal behavior based on symptoms, the patients self-reports, observations by others, and clinical tests
Goal of diagnosis
The number/percentage of people who have a disorder at any given time
Life time prevalence
People who suffer from their disorder their entire life
What are the two approaches to the diagnosis of disorder?
Universalist and relativist
What are the 2 primary ethical concerns in abnormal psychology?
Responsibility of clinician to remain informed of new practices, procedures, and new findings related to diagnosis and treatment.
Responsibility to protect the client, including establishing the right diagnosis
What are the 3 potential ethical issues with labeling?
Distortion of behavior
Spending 16+ hours a day on the internet
Diagnostic and Statistic Manual
International Classification of Diseases
Chinese Classification of Mental Disorders
A therapeutic approach in which a variety of methods, principles, and philosophies are used to create a treatment program
Lazarus’ 7 criteria for approving treatment
Accuracy of diagnosis
The consistency of diagnosis for some set of symptoms using the same instrument of measure
When more than one clinician uses the same instrument of measure and comes to the same conclusion
Using different instruments of diagnosis on a single patient
A distinctive, long-lasting maladaptive behavior or thought pattern that is disruptive or injurious towards the individual sufferer or to someone else
Cure for/ameliorating the disorder, allowing the person to live a normal life again
A biopsychosocial approach to disorder in which constitutional (biological) vulnerability, stress, and neuromaturational factors come together for a psychiatric outcome
A hormone/neurotransmitter that affects mood, sleep, and appetite
Seligman and Rosenhan’s Big 7 Criteria of Mental Illness
Causes of suffering
Violation of social standards
Observer discomfort / suffering
An affective disorder
Biological etiologies of MDD
Cognitive etiologies of MDD
Sociocultural etiologies of MDD
Interpersonal relationships with people and your surroundings
An anxiety disorder characterized by an excessive and persistent sens of apprehension and physical symptoms