Abnormal Psychology in a Changing World 9th Edition Chapter 6

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Dissociative disorder
A disorder characterized by disruption, or dissociation, of identity, memory, or consciousness
Dissociative identity disorder
A dissociative disorder in which a person has two or more distinct, or alter, personalities
Dissociative amnesia
A dissociative disorder in which a person experiences memory loss without any identifiable organic cause.
Depersonalization/derealization disorder
A disorder characterized by persistent or recurrent episodes of depersonalization and/or derealization.
A temporary loss or change in the usual sense of reality in which people feel detached from themselves and their surroundings
A sense of unreality about the external world involving odd changes in the perception of one’s surroundings or in the passage of time
Somatic symptom disorder (SSD)
Troubling physical symptoms and excessive concern about the symptoms to the extent that it affects thoughts, feelings, and behaviors in daily life.
Applied to people with physical complaints who believe their symptoms are due to a serious, undetected illness despite medical reassurance to the contrary.
Conversion disorder
characterized by symptoms or deficits that affect the ability to control voluntary movements or that impair sensory functions, such as an inability to see, hear, or feel tactile stimulation.
Factitious disorder (popularly referred to as Münchausen syndrome)
characterized by intentional fabrication of psychological or physical symptoms for no apparent gain.
The faking of illness motivated by external rewards or incentives
Factitious disorder imposed on another (popularly referred to as Münchausen syndrome by proxy)
The inducing of physical or emotional illness in another person, typically a child or dependent person
Koro syndrome
A culture-bound somatoform disorder, found primarily in China, in which people fear that their genitals are shrinking.
Dhat syndrome
A culture-bound somatoform disorder, found primarily among Asian Indian males, characterized by excessive fears over the loss of seminal fluid
Cognitive theorists
have speculated that some cases of hypochondriasis may represent a type of self-handicapping strategy, a way of blaming poor performance on failing health (Smith, Snyder, & Perkins, 1983).
Psychosomatic disorders
Physical disorders in which psychological factors are believed to play a causal or contributing role.
Biofeedback training (BFT)
A method of feeding back to the individual information about bodily functions so that the person can gain some degree of control over these functions
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
is a disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
attacks the immune system, leaving it helpless to fend off diseases it normally would hold in check.
Psychological interventions
are effective in helping people alter these risky behaviors
Categories: Abnormal Psychology