Abnormal Psychology- Schizophrenia

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schizophrenia studied pattern
most studies and most understood of Mental Illness
psychosis as a symptom
used as a term stating when a person doesn’t have an accurate view of reality
thought disorder as a symptom
thinking becomes chaotic, difficulty with communication, adjation (hyperactive or sluggish), inappropriate emotion
positive symptoms of schizophrenia
things that a person with schizophrenia DOES NOT experience (not necessarily a good symptom)
negative symptom of schizophrenia
deficit areas seen in persons with schizophrenia but not people without (social withdrawal, loosing friends)
Hallucinations
Sensory experience of things that do not exist, auditory are most common (typical voice of someone they know) The person thinks that these events are actually happening
delusions
very coming with schizophrenia. Types of delusions 1. delusions of reference 2. delusions of granger 3. delusions of control
delusions of reference
making choice to know the environment, something you didn’t know
delusions of granger
think people are sent from god/ they are actually jesus, thinking they are extremely important
delusions of control
They making me do things *most concern because this means that the person is not responsible of their actions
insight on the MI
indicates how aware you are of you symptom; acceptance of the illness is a major step forward, helps the patient involve in treatment
examples of “Negative symptoms”
social withdrawal, lack of interest in others, loss of motivation
flat affect
difficult time displaying emotions to others
psychomotor symptoms
changes in their physical movement of behavior, Agitation, rigidity
psychomotor symptoms: Agitation
need for constant movement
psychomotor symptoms: Rigidity
Still posture, unchanging position for hours at a time
Diagnosing Schizophrenia
must have at lease 2 of the following: hallucinations, delusions, disorganized speech, negative symptom
schizophrenia sub types:
confusion and thought disorders behavior, loose association, show odd-sterotypes
catonic type
Very rare, psychomotor symptoms, remain motionless for long periods of time, echollilia, exhopracia
echollilia
senseless repetition of basic words
echopraxia
senseless repetition of movements of other people
undifferentiated subtype
mixture of symptoms that doesn’t fit any of the three
What it feels like to have schizophrenia
fatigue, confusion, separate every experience into the real and unreal world
prevalence of schizophrenia
.5-1% life time average- equal rates for me and women, higher in people with relations who have schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is more likely to be in these type of people
Low SS class, unmarried, live in colder climates, highest rates in African Americans
Are people with schizophrenia violent?
yes and no, delusions and hallucinations can cause people to become violent, 5% of murders are schizophrenic, but more likely to be victims in these situations
Cost of schizophrenia
62% Billion- homelessness service, unemployment, medical care
course of the effect of schizophrenia
active functioning/ residual phase
active functioning
full blown diagnosis
residual phase
very unlikely to return to pre-morbid functioning levels
John Nash
schizophrenic- “a beautiful Mind”
What causes schizophrenia
Still don’t know- biological- genetic, brain dysfunction/ psychological- cognitive,, family based, etc.
Categories: Abnormal Psychology