AP Psych Unit 6 – Abnormal Psychology

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psychological disorder
deviant, distressful and dysfunctional patters of thoughts, feelings or behaviors.
ADHD
a psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of one or more of three key symptoms: extreme inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity
medical model
the concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorders, have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated and in most cases cured often through treatment in a hospital
DSM-IV-TR
the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, updated as a 2000 text revision; a widely used system for classifying psychological disorders
anxiety disorders
psychological disorders characterized by distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety
generalized anxiety disorder
an anciety disorder in which a person is continually tense, apprehensive and in a state of autonomic nervous system arousal
panic disorder
an anxiety disorder marked by unpredictable minutes long episodes of intense dread in which a person experiences terror and accompanying chest pain, choking or other frightening sensations
phobia
an anciety disorder marke by a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object, activity or situation
OCD
an anxiety disorder characterized by unwante repetitive thoughts (obssessions) and/or actions (compulsions)
PTSD
an anciety disorder characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety and/or insomnia that lingers for four weeks or more after a traumatic experience
post-traumatic growth
positive psychological changes as a result of struggling with extremely challenging circumstances and life crises
somatoform disorder
psychological disorder in which the sumptoms take a somatic (bodily) form without apparent physical cause
conversion disorder
a rare somatoform disorder in which a person experiences very specific genuine physical symptoms for which a person interprets normal physical sensations as symptoms of a disease
hypochondria
a somatoform disorder in which a person interprets normal physical sensations as symptoms of a disease
dissociative disorders
disorders in which conscious awareness becomes separated (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts and feelings
dissociative identity disorder (DID)
a rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities.
mood disorders
psychological disorders characterized by emotional extremes.
major depressive disorder
a mood disorder in which a person experiences, in the absence of drugs or a medical condition, two or more weeks of significantly depressed moods, feelings of worthlessness, and diminished interest or pleasure in most activities
mania
a mood disorder marked by a hyperactive, wildly optimistic state
bipolar disorder
a mood disorder in which the person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania
hippocampus
memory-processing center linked with the brain’s emotional circuitry; vulnerable to stress-related damage
schizophrenia
a group of severe disorders characterize by disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and actions
delusions
false beliefs, often of persecution or grandeur, that may accompany psychotic disorders
personality disorders
psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning
antisocial personality disorder
a personality disorder in which the person (usually a man) exhibits a lack of conscience for wrongdoing, even toward friends and family members. May be aggressive and ruthless or clever con artist
Categories: Abnormal Psychology