lecture: abnormal psychology 4Ds, models

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komer’s definition
abnormal psychology is the field devoted to the scientific study of abnormal behavior in order to describe, predict, explain, and change abnormal patterns of functioning
4Ds
dysfunction
danger
deviance
distress
deviance
-differences, unusual, extreme, bizarre
-experiencing deviance from behaviors (typical emotions and thoughts)
-from social norms
norms
stated, unstated rules for proper conduct
distress
something incredibly unpleasant, upsetting to person;
-very subjective
dysfunction
interfering with the ability to conduct daily activities in a constructive way
-abnormal behavior- culture has significant influence, presence of them does not indicate abnormality
-ADL
Danger
posing a risk for self and others-abnormality may be danger to self or others
-these people are consistently hostile, careless, confused
-dangerousness is exception rather than the rule
treating slaves too much like people that they end up running away
drapetomania
thomas sasz
idea that abnormal psychology is a myth; ploy to better control citizens,
-called issues: problems of daily living
biological or medical models
-mental illness brought about by malfunction parts
1. brain anatomy: alzheimer’s dementia (brain plaques) and protein spindles
2. brain chemistry: neurotransmitter systems
3. genetic: inheritance in mood disorders, schizophrenia and bipolar disrders
psychoanatlyic/ psychodynamic
oldest, most famous, Freud
-behavior is affected by unconscious dynamics
-id, ego, super ego
-defense mechanisms: denial, projection
-psychosexual stages of development
-deterministic, pessimistic view of humanity
-determining for life (to achieve neurotic acceptance)
behavioral
focusing on observable behavior and environmental factors and on how behavior is acquired, learned and maintained
-emphasis of model on principles of learning theory
-operant conditioning: environment will reward/reinforce or punish
-classical pavlovian conditioning: 2 stimuli associated
-modeling
-deterministic, environmentally influenced
cognitive
cognitive processes are center of behavioral thoughts, emotions
-related to maladaptive thinking
faulty thinking:
faulty assumptions and attributions
illogical thinking process
-collaborative and empirical
humanistic/existential model
-emphasizes people as friendly, cooperative and constructive
-emphasizes self determination, choice and responsibilities
-roger’s unconditional positive regard and client centered
sociocultural model
-abnormal behavior best understood in light of social, cultural forces that influence individual
-strongly influenced by sociology/anthropology
-role of social labels important (rosenhan)
-family systems
Categories: Abnormal Psychology