lecture: abnormal psychology 4Ds, models

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komer’s definition
abnormal psychology is the field devoted to the scientific study of abnormal behavior in order to describe, predict, explain, and change abnormal patterns of functioning
-differences, unusual, extreme, bizarre
-experiencing deviance from behaviors (typical emotions and thoughts)
-from social norms
stated, unstated rules for proper conduct
something incredibly unpleasant, upsetting to person;
-very subjective
interfering with the ability to conduct daily activities in a constructive way
-abnormal behavior- culture has significant influence, presence of them does not indicate abnormality
posing a risk for self and others-abnormality may be danger to self or others
-these people are consistently hostile, careless, confused
-dangerousness is exception rather than the rule
treating slaves too much like people that they end up running away
thomas sasz
idea that abnormal psychology is a myth; ploy to better control citizens,
-called issues: problems of daily living
biological or medical models
-mental illness brought about by malfunction parts
1. brain anatomy: alzheimer’s dementia (brain plaques) and protein spindles
2. brain chemistry: neurotransmitter systems
3. genetic: inheritance in mood disorders, schizophrenia and bipolar disrders
psychoanatlyic/ psychodynamic
oldest, most famous, Freud
-behavior is affected by unconscious dynamics
-id, ego, super ego
-defense mechanisms: denial, projection
-psychosexual stages of development
-deterministic, pessimistic view of humanity
-determining for life (to achieve neurotic acceptance)
focusing on observable behavior and environmental factors and on how behavior is acquired, learned and maintained
-emphasis of model on principles of learning theory
-operant conditioning: environment will reward/reinforce or punish
-classical pavlovian conditioning: 2 stimuli associated
-deterministic, environmentally influenced
cognitive processes are center of behavioral thoughts, emotions
-related to maladaptive thinking
faulty thinking:
faulty assumptions and attributions
illogical thinking process
-collaborative and empirical
humanistic/existential model
-emphasizes people as friendly, cooperative and constructive
-emphasizes self determination, choice and responsibilities
-roger’s unconditional positive regard and client centered
sociocultural model
-abnormal behavior best understood in light of social, cultural forces that influence individual
-strongly influenced by sociology/anthropology
-role of social labels important (rosenhan)
-family systems
Categories: Abnormal Psychology