Psychology Unit 7: Abnormal Psychology

Published by admin on

Abnormal Behavior
behavior that is statistically unusual, an obstacle to a person’s ability to function in a particular situation, a potential threat to the self or others, considered abnormal by most people in the situation, and demonstrates some form of distortion of seeing or thinking
Anxiety Disorder
psychological disorder in which a person feels extreme fear or anxiety
Bipolar Disorder
mood disorder in which a person has one or more manic episodes
Comorbidity
the rate at which symptoms of different disorders overlap
Concordance
the degree that family members share the same characteristics of a disorder
Conversion Disorder
psychological disorder in which a person temporarily loses a bodily function without a physical cause
Delusions
false (often strange) beliefs
Diagnosis
the process by which mental health disorders are identified and grouped according to similar symptoms
Diathesis-stress model
theory that predisposition and stress factors together lead to psychological disorders
Dissociative Disorder
psychological disorder in which a person demonstrates a disruption in consciousness, memory, or identity as a result of a traumatic event
Dissociative Identity Disorder
psychological disorder in which a person’s behavior is controlled by two or more personalities
DSM
abbreviation of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, published by the American Psychiatric Association
Eating Disorder
psychological disorder in which a person suffers from a severe disturbance in eating behavior
Hallucinations
mental images that a person interprets as being real
Hypochondriasis
psychological disorder in which a person is preoccupied with his or her own health for no real reason
Incidence
refers to the number of new cases of a disorder that are diagnosed in a specific period of time
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)
mood disorder in which a person is depressed or loses interest in all activities for at least two weeks
Mood Disorder
psychological disorder in which people have emotional disturbances that interfere with their normal everyday actions
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
psychological disorder in which a person has unwanted obsessions and/or compulsions
Panic Disorder
psychological disorder in which a person suffers panic attacks
Personality Disorder
psychological disorder in which a person’s maladaptive personality traits causes him or her distress in everyday functions
Phobic Disorder
psychological disorder in which a person has an exaggerated and irrational fear and avoidance of an object or situation, and that fear interferes with everyday life
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
psychological disorder in which a person has experienced or witnessed an event where injury or death occurs, and when the person feels afraid and helpless as a result
Prevalence
the frequency with which a disorder occurs within a particular population
Psychological Disorder
cognitive, emotional, and behavioral symptoms that cause distress or harm and prevent him from being an effective coworker, student, family member, or other role in daily situations
Psychosis
a state in which a person’s ability to perceive and understand events is impaired and their behavior is very disorganized
Schizophrenic Disorder
psychological disorder in which a person’s emotions, behavior, and thoughts are profoundly altered
Somatoform Disorder
psychological disorders in which a person feels physical symptoms (in the body), but the symptoms are psychological rather than medical
Categories: Abnormal Psychology