Educational Psychology Chapter 1- Quiz 1

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action research
research carried out by educators in their own classrooms or school.
control group
group that receives no special treatment during experiment.
correlational study
research into the relationships between variables as they naturally occur.
critical thinking
evaluation of conclusions through logical and systematic examination of the problem, the evidence, and the solution.
descriptive research
research study aimed at identifying and gathering detailed information about a topic of interest.
educational psychology
the study of learning and teaching.
experiment
procedure used to test the effect of a treatment.
experimental group
group that receives treatment during an experiment.
external validity
degree to which results of an experiment can be applied to real-life situations.
intentionally
doing things for a purpose; teachers who use intentionally plan their actions based on the outcomes they want to achieve.
internal validity
the degree to which an experiment’s results can be attributed to the treatment in question rather than other factors
laboratory experiment
experiment in which conditions are highly controlled.
negative correlation
relationships in which high levels of one variable correspond to low levels of another.
pedagogy
the study of teaching and learning with applicants to the instructional process.
positive correlation
relationship in which high levels of one variable correspond to high levels of another.
principle
explanation of the relationship between factors, such as the effects of alternative grading systems on student motivation.
random assignment
selection by chance into different treatment groups; intended to ensure equivalence of the groups.
randomized field experiment
experiment conducted under realistic conditions in which individuals are assigned by chance to receive different practical treatments or programs.
single- case experiment
experiment that studies a treatment’s effect on one person or one group by contrasting behavior before, during, and after application of the treatment.
teacher efficacy
the degree to which teachers feel that their own efforts determine the success on their students.
theory
a set of principles that explains and relates certain phenomena.
treatment
a special program that is the subject of an experiment.
variable
something that can have more than one value.
uncorrelated variables
variables for which there is no relationship between levels of one compared to another.