General Psychology Chapter 12: Psychological Disorders

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Abnormal Behavior
Deviant, maladaptive, or personally distressful over a relatively long period of time
Deviant
Outside of the realm of normalcy
Maladaptive
Interferes with a person’s daily life and schedule; interferes with person’s ability to progress
DSM-IV; DSM-V(2013)
Major classification of psychological disorder in the US
Anxiety Disorders
Involve fears that are uncontrollable, disproportionate to the actual danger the person might be in, disruptive of ordinary life; Generalized anxiety disorder, Panic Disorder, Phobic disorder, obsessive Compulsive
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Persistent for at least 6 months
Panic Disorder
recurrent, sudden onset of intense terror, no warning/ no cause
Phobic Disorder
persistent fear of particular object of situation
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Anxiety provoking thoughts or behaviors that will not dissipate, urges to perform ritualistic of repetative behavior
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Develops through exposure to a traumatic event and overwhelms ability to cope
Mood Disorders
Depression/ Dystemic Depressive Disorder; Bipolar Disorder
Depression
2 weeks
More prevalent in females
Dystemic Depressive Disorder
chronic form of depression
Bipolar Disorder
Extremes in mood swings, from depressed to manic, many episodes, 50/50 chance based on gender
Eating Disorders
Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, Binge-Eating Disorder
Anorexia Nervosa
Unhealthy fear of being overweight, starving themselves, weight requirement of diagnosis is 85% of suggested weight, distorted body image
Bulimia Nervosa
Binge and Purge, eating lots of food and then feeling guilty and purging, dehydration, bad breath, late adolescence, eating everything in sight
Dissociative Disorder
Amnesia and Fugues, Dissociative identity disorder/ multiple personality disorder
Amnesia
Sudden loss of memory, complete loss of an event or information
Fugues
Development of amnesia and development of a different personality; Identity may return after a period of time
Dissociative Identity Disorder (Multiple Personality Disorder)
Shifts in personality occur due to stress, at least two personalities, usually one controls all.
Schizophrenia
Individuals who have highly disorganized thoughts, diagnosed around 18-25, genetic component to it, most prevalent symptom is hearing voices.
Borderline Personality Disorder
Also considered to be psychotic, sociopaths, serial killers, scattered thinking, prone to anger, no feeling, children who kill animals, destroy dolls
Categories: General Psychology