Sadlier Oxford Vocabulary Workshop Level E Unit 3

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adversary
(n.) an enemy, opponent

SYNONYMS: antagonist, rival, foe
ANTONYMS: friend, ally, supporter, confederate

alienate
(v.) to turn away; to make indifferent or hostile; to transfer, convey

SYNONYMS: separate, drive apart, estrange
ANTONYMS: befriend, attract, captivate, reconcile

artifice
(n.) a skillful or ingenious device; a clever trick; a clever skill; trickery

SYNONYMS: ruse, stratagem, contrivance
ANTONYMS: –

coerce
(v.) to compel, force

SYNONYMS: pressure, bully, intimidate, constrain
ANTONYMS: persuade, cajole

craven
(adj.) cowardly; (n.) a coward

SYNONYMS: (adj.) fearful, fainthearted, pusillanimous
ANTONYMS: (adj.) brave, courageous, valiant

culinary
(adj.) of or related to cooking or the kitchen

SYNONYMS: –
ANTONYMS: –

delete
(v.) to erase, wipe out, cut out

SYNONYMS: remove, cancel, expunge
ANTONYMS: insert, add, retain, include

demise
(n.) a death, especially of a person in a lofty position

SYNONYMS: decease, passing away
ANTONYMS: birth, beginning, commencement

exhilarate
(v.) to enliven, cheer, give spirit or liveliness to

SYNONYMS: stimulate, excite, gladden
ANTONYMS: discourage, dispirit, dishearten, inhibit

fallow
(adj.) plowed but not seeded; inactive; reddish-yellow; (n.) land left unseeded; (v.) to plow but not seed

SYNONYMS: (adj.) unproductive, inert, dormant
ANTONYMS: (adj.) productive, fertile, prolific

harass
(v.) to disturb, worry; to trouble by repeated attacks

SYNONYMS: annoy, pester, bedevil, beleaguer

inclement
(adj.) stormy, harsh; severe in attitude or action

SYNONYMS: blustery, tempestuous, implacable
ANTONYMS: mild, gentle, balmy, tranquil

muse
(v.) to think about in a dreamy way, ponder

SYNONYMS: meditate, contemplate, daydream
ANTONYMS: –

negligible
(adj.) so unimportant that it can be disregarded

SYNONYMS: trivial, inconsequential, insignificant
ANTONYMS: significant, crucial, momentous

perpetuate
(v.) to make permanent or long lasting

SYNONYMS: continue, preserve, prolong indefinitely
ANTONYMS: discontinue, abolish, abandon

precedent
(n.) an example that may serve as a basis for imitation or later action

SYNONYMS: guide, tradition, model
ANTONYMS: –

punitive
(adj.) inflicting or aiming at punishment

SYNONYMS: penalizing, retaliatory
ANTONYMS: –

redress
(v.) to set right, remedy; (n.) relief from wrong or injury

SYNONYMS: (v.) rectify, correct, mitigate
ANTONYMS: –

sojourn
(n.) a temporary stay; (v.) to stay for a time

SYNONYMS: (n.) visit, stopover, brief stay
ANTONYMS: –

urbane
(adj.) refined in manner or style, suave

SYNONYMS: elegant
ANTONYMS: crude, uncouth, boorish

Categories: Vocabulary